Rozenkruciáni v strednej Európe – hra na magično
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Rosicrucians in Central Europe – A Play at the Magic
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The Rosicrucians represent an open topic in the history of Central Europe. Central European historiography tackled it only fragmentarily, which coincides with the lack of archival materials. The paper deals with the Rosicrucians in the lands of the Habsburg Monarchy, where their traces can be found in Moravia, Prague, Vienna and northeast Hungary. The Rosicrucians represented a high-level branch of the Freemasons, absolutely dominated by secrecy. The paper uses fragmentary archive materials to analyse and describe the Rosicrucian movement in the second half of the 18th century within the Habsburg Monarchy. There is even a space for an analysis of the Rosicrucian activities, which were based on various magic performances and rituals. Institutionally, Rosicrucianism was most firmly anchored in Moravia, where it was most sponsored by Count Salm-Reifferscheidt. This order was engaged in alchemy, magic and exorcism of demons. The most active Rosicrucian land within the monarchy was Hungary, where almost all lodges over contemporary Slovakia had a Rosicrucian character. The paper can serve as a theoretic base for further research on the history of this interesting fraternity.
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