PL EN


Journal
2017 | 46 | 241-253
Article title

Czy mózg się jąka?

Content
Title variants
EN
Does Brain Stutter?
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Badania nad jąkaniem skoncentrowane wokół patologii układu nerwowego są aktualnie jednymi z najbardziej dynamicznie rozwijających się. U ludzi jąkających się stwierdza się różnego rodzaju nieprawidłowości dotyczące anatomii ośrodków odpowiedzialnych za realizację funkcji językowych, zaburzenia funkcjonalne, nieprawidłową lateralizację funkcji językowych oraz zaburzenia połączeń między ośrodkami. Wiele badań dowodzi, że u jąkających się występują zaburzenia funkcjonalnej asymetrii mózgu. Lewopółkulowa reprezentacja mowy nie jest tak wyraźnie zaznaczona jak u osób mówiących płynnie. Płynność mówienia możliwa jest dzięki realizacji planu motorycznego, który u jąkających się jest nieprawidłowo zsynchronizowany. Występuje też wadliwa współpraca pomiędzy programem lingwistycznym a jego motorycznym wykonaniem. Dysfunkcje dotyczą nie tylko obszarów ekspresyjnych mowy, ale także ośrodków słuchowych, których prawidłowe funkcjonowanie jest niezbędne dla prawidłowego przebiegu mowy. Badania dowodzą, że słuchowe sterowanie własną mową za pomocą sprzężenia zwrotnego jest u osób jąkających się zaburzone, a jednej z przyczyn upatruje się w nieprawidłowościach anatomicznych i funkcjonalnych obszaru słuchowego. Wyniki badań dotyczące budowy mózgu i jego funkcjonowania u osób jąkających się wskazują na liczne nieprawidłowości. Dotyczą one całego układu funkcjonalnego mowy. Warto podkreślić, że różnice funkcjonalne pojawiają się w sytuacji, kiedy jąkający się mówią lub nawet wtedy, kiedy wyobrażają sobie, że mówią.
EN
Currently, stuttering studies focused on central nervous system pathology are one of those which develop most dynamically. Stutterers display various disorders within the anatomy of centres which control realization and abnormal lateralization of language functions, as well as functional disorders. Abundant research has proved that stutterers display disturbed functional brain asymmetry. The left hemisphere speech representation in a stutterer’s brain is marked less clearly than in the case of fluent speakers. Speech fluency comes from realizing the motor plan, which is abnormally synchronised in a stutterer’s brain. Similarly, stuttering people display incorrect cooperation between the language program and its motor performance. Dysfunctions are observed not only in the expressive speech areas, but also in the hearing centres, whose proper functioning is vital for normal course of speech. Research has showed the disturbed auditory feedback control of speech among stutterers, which is thought to be caused by anatomical and functional abnormalities within the brain hearing area. Results of studies over stutterers’ brain structure and functioning point to numerous abnormalities observed in the whole functional system of speech. Importantly, these functional differences occur among stutterers during actual speech and even when speaking is only visualized in the stutterer’s mind.
Journal
Year
Volume
46
Pages
241-253
Physical description
Dates
published
2020-08-27
Contributors
author
  • Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie, Zakład Patologii i Rehabilitacji Mowy
  • Staropolska Szkoła Wyższa w Kielcach, Katedra Logopedii
  • Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie, Zakład Patologii i Rehabilitacji Mowy
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-4c180c08-dc33-4b87-8fa7-baf14c7644f1
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