Śląska geneza katedry gnieźnieskiej
Silesian origins of the gothic cathedral in Gniezno
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The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the nature and scope of the presence of motifs and inspirations drawn from fourteenth century Silesian architecture in the shaping of the choir (ca. 1342 – 1360) and the main body (ca. 1360 – before 1388) of the Gniezno Cathedral. We discuss both solutions of a purely workshop character (articulation of the interior, the architectural detail), testifying to the arrival in Gniezno of a building team from beyond the southern border of Greater Poland, as well as more general similarities demonstrating a comparable stylistic and compositional idea. Given the high degree of individualism the church’s architecture exhibits, our research could not offer a single answer to the question of the exact origins of the builders employed in Gniezno. It seems, however, that they were aware of the structure and detail of the cathedral and the parish church of St. Elizabeth in Wroclaw. These were landmark buildings in the history of Silesian XIV century architecture, and their influence was therefore considerable. The identified Silesian features in the shape of the church neither exhaust nor fully explain all the avenues of research linked to this unique edifice. Nevertheless, they broaden our concept of the extent and scale of the reception of models of Silesian art in medieval Greater Poland.
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