Ewolucja gospodarki Włoch po II wojnie światowej - od "cudu" do kryzysu gospodarczego
Evolution of the economy Italy after WW II - from the "miracle" to economic crisis
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At the time of unification, in 1861, Italy was relatively backward country compared to the more advanced western European nations. Agriculture was the main productive sector and 60 per cent of the labour force was still toiling on the land. From then on the Italian economy underwent deep changes, both in its productive capacity abd structure. Italy caught up with the level of output per head of the most advanced economies and today shares a similar economic structure and a low rate of growth. Italy is the fourth-largest national economy in Europe, the eight-largest by nominal GDP in the world. Despite these important achievements, the country's economy today suffers from many and relevant problems. After a strong GDP growth in 1945-1990, the last two decades's average annual growth rates lagged below the EU average; moreover, Italy was hit particulary hard by the late-2000s recession. The stagnation in economic growth, and the political efforts to revive it with massive government spending from the 1980s onwards, eventually produced a severe rise in public debt.
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