Návštěvy ad limina olomouckého biskupa Karla II. z Lichtensteinu-Castelcorna a jeho zprávy o stavu diecéze
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Visits ad limina of Olomouc Bishop Charles II. of Liechtenstein‑Castelcorno and His Reports on the State of the Diocese
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The aim of the paper is to briefly characterize the visits ad limina of the Olomouc Bishop Charles II. of Liechtenstein-Castelcorno and the contents of his reports on the state of the diocese, conserved in the Secret Vatican Archive. The Bishop executed seven visits ad limina during his long episcopate (1664–1695), in the years 1667, 1672, 1675, 1682, 1685, 1689 and 1693, always through the mediation of a procurator. After describing the visits and the reports conserved in the archives, the author analyses the structure and the content of the text of the conserved reports. The final part of the article is focused on three issues of violation of ecclesiastical immunity, evaluated by the Bishop himself as the principal obstacles of his pastoral activity in the diocese of Olomouc. The first one was the exclusion of the competency of ecclesiastical law courts in the cases of tithes by Emperor Ferdinand III, the second one the breaking of episcopal jurisdiction from the part of exempt religious orders (Benedictines, Cistercians and the Knights of Malta) during the procedure of nomination of parish priests in exempt parishes; the third great problem was the massive violation of freedom when contracting marriages of serfs by the proprietaries of the domains, which rejected the manumission of serfs and their transfers to the domain of an another proprietary.
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