Esoterismus a literární časopisy v Itálii na počátku 20. století
Esotericism and literary reviews in Italy at the beginning of the 20th century
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The article shows how Italian literary reviews at the beginning of the 20th century have been influenced by Esotericism and Occultism. In the Italian literary reviews, between 19th and 20th century, appeared many articles and studies dealing with Spiritism, Esotericism an Irrationalism in general, due to the development of the Occult Sciences and Esotericism in Europe. In Italy, in particular, the above mentioned influence was a reaction against Positivism and Scientism. Also James’s, Nietzsche’s an Bergson’s philosophy played an important role in the cultural scenario where the literary reviews come from. The article focuses on several important Italian literary reviews like: Leonardo, La Voce, L’Italia Futurista etc. and shows with examples how these literary reviews have been influenced by esoteric culture.
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