Operacja przesunięcia kościoła dekanalnego w mieście Most w Czechosłowacji
THE SHIFTING OF DECANAL CHURCH IN THE TOWN OF MOST, CZECHOSLOVAKIA
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The decision taken by the Czechoslovak Government in respect of preservation of the decanal church in the town of Most was stimulated by the necessity to demolish the old district of that miners’ town in northern Bohemia. The decanal church, a late-Gothic three-nave temple was built by Jacob Heilmann of Schweinfurt on the site formerly occupied one by another church that was burnt down in 1515. From among a few variants of preserving that object was selected one consisting in its permanent preservation by shifting the entire building along a curved route running to its new location at a distance of 850 metres from its present site. There are two main factors decisive for unusuality and originality of the planned operation. To shift the extremely delicate and, in addition, deprived of compactness structure the need has arisen to „load” it onto the reinforced spatial construction made of steel and providing a stable binding of its all perpendicular load-bearing elements as well as their unchanged juxtaposition. For the shifting operation is to be used the powerful rolling chassis having the loading capacity of 400 Mp and provided with hydraulic cylinders whose task, as has been planned, will consist in compensating the deformations occurring in the perpendicular load-bearing supports. The shifting proper, now under preparation, was preceded by the two experimental shiftings of considerably smaller buildings enabling to gain some experience indispensable in such an ingenious undertaking.
Z czeskiego przełożył Stefan Rakowski
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