МОДЕЛЬ ОПЕРЕЖАЮЩЕГО ИННОВАЦИОННОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ: ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНАЯ ТРОЙНАЯ СПИРАЛЬ
The model of advancing innovative education: educational triple helix.
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In this article a problem of modeling of innovative processes in education is considered as the research goal. The methodological basis of work is the theoretical-empirical methods of scientific knowledge, including methods of idealization, modeling and comparison. According to the philosophical and methodological concept of education, which is proposed by the author, at the heart of the education process lies the purposeful information influence on the person. Today numerous attempts to create models of innovation processes and their classification are known. Roy Rothwell indicates the presence of five species (generations) of innovative models: 1) technology push (science push) model G1; 2) market pull (need pull) model G2; 3) coupling of R&D and marketing model G3; 4) integrated business process model G4; 5) the cyclic innovation model G5. The apex of the world of innovative thought is considered to be the Triple Helix Model, developed by Henry Etzkowitz. This model belongs to the fifth generation of innovation models and describes the “open innovations” (Henry Chesbrough). In this article is proposed an educational model of triple helix, which takes into account the specifics of the flow of information processes in education. Three spirals in this model are three interconnected processes of information exchange between the student and the information and educational environment. These processes manifest themselves as teaching, socialization and culturation. Each of these processes can develop independently. The result of this development is represented in the form of a system of stages, arising naturally one after the other. But implementation of the proposed model allows achieving a synergy effect in education, i.e. to form a more broad-minded student on the basis of high professionalism, ability to cooperative activity and the perception of cultural values. The proposed model performs a heuristic function, it creates a basis of personalized learning, which takes into account the individual characteristics of each student. Educational Triple Helix Model can be used as the foundations of Global education, which will include such interdisciplinary areas as the perception and understanding of other worldviews (perspective consciousness), understanding of state of the planet awareness, cross-cultural awareness, systemic awareness, options for participation. This model is the model of generation of an innovative personality, opening for it the way to the future.
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