Husserl’s Phenomenological Heritage as a Source Of Innovative Inspiration and Critical Evaluation for Emmanuel Levinas’ Ethics and Martin Buber’s Ecophenomenology
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This article presents an ambiguous approach of two main representatives of dialogi-cal philosophy, Emmanuel Levinas and Martin Buber, towards Husserl’s phenomenolo-gy. It is demonstrated that Levinas is not an anti-phenomenological postmodernist. Although he does not implement all the Husserlian methodology, he imitates Husserl’s philosophical rigor in exploring forgotten horizons. Buber’s theory of knowledge is analyzed from Levinas’ perspective. The closing part is devoted to a still unexplored area of Buber’s ecophenomenology. It is demonstrated that by indicating on complete relationship with nature, and showing gaps in classical phenomenology Buber makes a unique contribution to the phenomenological heritage.
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