Badania polskiego dyskursu publicznego II RP, PRL i III RP. Przegląd zagadnień
THE RESEARCH TO DATE ON PUBLIC DISCOURSE IN POLAND
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This article is an attempt to reconstruct the most important research topics regarding public discourse in Poland from 1918 to the present. It shows the domination of discourse about domestic problems (the ‘internal’ discourse) over the discourse about European, foreign, or world problems (the ‘external’ discourse). On the basis of an analysis of the most important research, beginning at the end of the 1960s, the author discusses the specificities of the public discourse in Poland in each of three historical periods (the Second Republic, the People’s Republic of Poland, and the Third Republic). Research into the language of politics or social communication (the description ’discourse’ appears only after 1989) has been undertaken primarily by literary critics, philologists, and sociologists, but also by historians, political scientists, media experts, and persons engaged in culture studies. The most popular forms of empirical analyses of the public discourse in Poland are analyses of content, rhetoric, or semiotics. In recent years, works have increasingly often appeared referring to narrative, conversational, framework, or cognitive linguistic analyses.
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