Metafora immanentna cecha języka poetyckiego czy uniwersalna etykieta językowa?
A METAPHOR. AN IMMANENT FEATURE OF THE LANGUAGE OF POETRY OR A UNIVERSAL LINGUISTIC LABEL?
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The article is an attempt at answering the question about the function of metaphors and their formal-semantic shape mainly in poetic and scien- tiﬁc texts. The comparative analysis being carried out proves that metaphorical conjunctions occur in both variants of utterances but their stylistic function, frequency and a degree of conventionalization are of a diﬀerent character. Innovative and strongly individualized metaphors are characteristic of poetry whereas for the language of science – mainly metaphors considerably standardized based on system models and structures whose genetic innovativeness we are no longer aware of; rarely innovative metaphors. Therefore it seems unauthorized to treat metaphors as universal linguistic labels typical of each kind of utterance unless we understand such universality in a slightly narrower sense, i.e., as “useful, usable, suitable, helpful”.
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