PL EN


2019 | XXXII | 161-179
Article title

Attributes, Vestments, Context and Inscription in the Identification of Nubian Paintings: Proposing the ‘Multi-Layer’ Image Recognition Method

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN FR DE IT
Abstracts
EN
The aim of this paper is to present a method that enables identification of Nubian paintings whose tituli have not been preserved or are incomplete. This method is reminiscent of the laborious piecing together of mosaics from scattered and incomplete tesserae. The attributes, vestments or contexts are such tesserae, which taken into consideration together enable the composing of a mosaic, piece by piece. Some interpretations of the paintings were made during excavations, without time for deeper analysis. Identifications created in this way have become so merged with the images, and then repeated frequently, that it was very difficult to change them and introduce a new perspective on already widely accepted opinions. In this article, I have focused on a few select examples that show how one can identify individual paintings, but also how one can fall into the trap of too easy comparisons and attributions. A scholar studying Nubian art has to be cautious as its iconography is sometimes so original that it cannot be easily compared to Byzantine or any other cultural patterns.
Contributors
  • Art History Institute, Cardinal Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Warsaw
References
  • Allen, P., Mayer, W. 2000: John Chrysostom, Early Church Fathers, New York
  • Brenk, B. 1977: Spätantike und frühes Christentum, Propyläen Kunstgeschichte, Neue Ausgabe, Supplementum 1, Frankfurt a/Main-Berlin-Wien
  • Brenk, B. 2010: The Apse the Image and the Icon: An Historical Perspective of the Apse as a Space for Images, Spätantike – Frühes Christentum – Byzanz 26, Wiesbaden
  • Bryl, M., Juszkiewicz, P., Piotrowski, P., Suchocki, W. (Eds) 2009: Perspektywy współczesnej historii sztuki. Antologia przekładów „Artium Quaestiones”, Poznań
  • Dobrzeniecki, T. 1988: Święta Anna z Faras w Muzeum Narodowym w Warszawie. Symbolika gestu milczenia, RMNW XXXII, 95–196
  • Drake Boehm, B. 1984: Icon with full-length figure of St Michael, [in:] Buckton, D. (Ed.), The Treasury of San Marco, Venice, Milan, 171–175
  • Evans, H.C. (Ed.) 2004: Byzantium: Faith and Power (1261–1557), New York-New Haven-London
  • Godlewski, W. 1992: Wczesne malowidła ścienne z terenów Nobadii, RMNW XXXVI, 23–38
  • Innemée, K.C. 1992: Ecclesiastical Dress in the Medieval Near East, Studies in Textile and Costume History 1, Leiden
  • Iwaszkiewicz-Wronikowska, B. 2003: Głoszenie słowa. Kilka uwag na temat motywu księgi w ikonografii wczesnochrześcijańskiej, Vox Patrum 23/XLIV–XLV, 131–142
  • Jakobielski, S. 1982: Remarques sur la chronologie des paitures murales de Faras aux VIIIe et IXe siècles, [in:] Jakobielski, S. (Ed.), Nubia Christiana I, Warsaw, 142–172
  • Jakobielski, S., Martens-Czarnecka, M., Łaptaś, M., Mierzejewska, B., Rostkowska, B. 2017: Pachoras. Faras: The wall paintings from the Cathedrals of Aetios, Paulos and Petros, PAM Monograph Series 4, Warsaw
  • Jastrzębowska, E. 2011: New Testament Angels in Early Christian Art: Origin and Sources, Światowit VIII/XLIX, fasc. A (2009–2010), 153–164
  • Krauze, A. 2012: Od antycznej bogini do chrześcijańskich aniołów, czyli o przekraczaniu granic ikonograficznych, [in:] Banasiak, S., Gumiela, P., Kłos, J., Szada, M. (Eds), Centrum – Peryferia – Granice, Materiały z VI Studenckiej Konferencji Starożytniczej, Kraków 6–8 maja 2010, Warszawa, 27–48
  • Łaptaś, M. 1996: Paintings from the Faras Cathedral. The „Colour” Classification Method, Nubian NoteLet 2, 1–18
  • Łaptaś, M. 2015: Symbolika oczu na skrzydłach archaniołów w malarstwie nubijskim, [in:] Olszewska, M., Skrodzka, A. (Eds), Initium Sapientiae Humilitas. Studia ofiarowane Profesorowi Jakubowi Pokorze z okazji 70. urodzin, Warszawa, 42–55
  • Łukaszewicz, A. 1992: ANNA Η ΜΗΤΗΡ ΤΗΣ ΘEΟΤΟΚΟU, [in:] Bonnet, Ch. (Ed.), Études nubiennes. Conférence de Genève. Actes du VIIe Congrès international d’études nubiennes, 3–8 septembre 1990, II: Communications, Geneva, 245–246
  • Mango, C., Hawkins, E.J.W. 1972: The Mosaics of St. Sophia at Istanbul. The Church Fathers in the North Tympanum, DOP 26/1, 3–41
  • Martens-Czarnecka, M. 1974: Księga jako motyw ikonograficzny w malarstwie ściennym w katedrze w Faras, RMNW XVIII, 30 9–335
  • Martens-Czarnecka, M. 2001: Wall Paintings Discovered in Old Dongola, [in:] Jakobielski, S., Scholz, P.O. (Eds), Dongola-Studien. 35 Jahre polnischer Forschungen im Zentrum des makuritischen Reiches, Bibliotheca nubica et aethiopica 7, Warsaw, 253–284
  • Martens-Czarnecka, M. 2011: The Wall Paintings from the from the Monastery on Kom H in Dongola, PAM Monograph Series 3, Nubia III, Dongola 3, Warsaw
  • Martin, Th. 2001: The Development of Winged Angels in Early Christian Art, [in:] Espacio, Tiempo y Forma, Serie VII, Historia del Arte 14, 11–29
  • McCormick, M. 1991: Porphyrogenetos, [in:] ODB 3, 1701
  • Michałowski, K. with contribution by Jakobielski, S. 1974: Faras: Wall Paintings in the Collection of the National Museum at Warsaw, Warsaw
  • Mierzejewska, B. 2014: The Professor Michałowski Faras Gallery. A Guide. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw
  • Müller, C.D.G. 1959: Die Engellehre der Koptische Kirche: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der christlichen Frömmigkeit in Aegypten, Wiesbaden
  • Ostrowski, J.A. 2003: Nike i Wiktoria – ikonograficzne pierwowzory aniołów, [in:] Oleschko, H. (Ed.), Księga o aniołach, Kraków, 473–483
  • Pallas, D.I. 1972: Himmelsmächte, Erzengel und Engel, [in:] RBK III, 13–120
  • Panofsky, E. 1939: Studies in Iconology: Humanistic Themes in the Art of the Renaissance, New York-Oxford
  • Panou, E. 2018: The Cult of St Anna in Byzantium, Birmingham Byzantine and Ottoman Studies 24, London-New York
  • Patterson Ševcenko, N. 1991: Omophorion, [in:] ODB 3, 1526
  • Peers, G. 2001: Subtle Bodies. Representing Angels in Byzantium, Transformation of the Classical Heritage 32, Berkeley-Los Angeles-London
  • Petzold, A. 2017: The Iconography of Color, [in:] Hourihane, C. (Ed.), The Routledge Companion to Medieval Iconography, New York, 441–456
  • Poeschke, J. 2009: Mosaiken in Italien 300–1300, München
  • Rostovtzeff , M.I. (Ed.) 1934: The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy of Inscriptions and Letters: Preliminary Report of the fifth season of work, October 1931–March 1932, New-Heaven-London-Prague
  • Weitzmann, K. 1948: The Joshua Roll: A Work of the Macedonian Renaissance, Studies in Manuscript Illumination 3, Princeton
  • Woźniak, M.M. 2014: Royal Iconography: Contribution to the Study of Costume, [in:] Anderson, J.R., Welsby, D.A. (Eds), The Fourth Cataract and Beyond. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference for Nubian Studies, Leuven-Paris-Walpole MA, 929–942
  • Zielińska, D., Tsakos, A. 2019: Following the footsteps of an archangel. The representations of the Archangel Michael in the framework of the project ‘Corpus of wall paintings from Medieval Nubia’, [in:] Gilhus, I.S., Tsakos, A., Wright, M.C. (Eds), The Archangel Michael in Africa: History, Cult, and Persona, London, 79–94
  • Origen, De Pricipiis 1885: Origen, On principia, transl. Crombie, F., [in:] Roberts, A., Donaldson, J. (Eds), Fathers of the Third Century: Tertullian, Part Fourth; Phillip Schaff Minucius Felix; Commodian; Origen, Parts First and Second, The Ante-Nicene Fathers 4, Edinburg 1885, 239–284
  • Oxford Annotated Bible 2001: The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha: New Revised Standard Version, 4th ed., Eds Coogan, M.D., Brettler, M.Z., Newsom, C., Perkins, P., Oxford 2001
  • Tertullian, Apology 1984: Tertullian, The Apology, transl. Glover, R.T., Cambridge MA 1984
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-59bbc80d-0ee7-4beb-ac45-549d6ce53f06
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.