PL EN


Journal
2014 | 22 | 4(88) | 91-107
Article title

Realizm modalny i okresy warunkowe z niemożliwymi poprzednikami

Authors
Title variants
EN
Modal Realism and Counterpossibles
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
According to the standard analysis of conditionals, any counterfactual with an impossible antecedent (so-called counterpossibles) is vacuously true. The way we use this kind of counterfactuals shows that it should not be so: some of them are regarded as true, and others as false. To solve the problem of counterpossibles, many philosophers have argued that one needs to invoke impossible worlds. This extension of the ontology of modality should save the analysis of counterfactuals from being insensitive to the problem of counterpossibles. Since theories of impossible worlds are stressing that a proper analysis of counterpossibles should not weaken the latter. In this paper I argue that the theories of impossible worlds which are based on Lewis’ modal realism — Extended Modal Realism and Hybrid Modal Realism — might be considered as either unattractive to modal realists or insufficient for analyzing counterpossibles.
Journal
Year
Volume
22
Issue
Pages
91-107
Physical description
Contributors
  • Instytut Filozofii, Uniwersytet Szczeciński, ul. Krakowska 71-79, 71-004 Szczecin
  • The Graduate Center, City University of New York
References
  • Berto F. (2010), Impossible Worlds and Propositions. Against the Parity Thesis, „The Philosophical Quarterly” 60(240), 471-486.
  • Lewis D. (1973), Counterfactuals, Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Lewis D. (1986), On the Plurality of Worlds, Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Mares E. D. (1997), Who Is Afraid of Impossible Worlds?, „Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic” 38(4), 516-526.
  • Nolan D. (1997), Impossible Worlds. Modest Approach, „Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic” 38(4), 535-572.
  • Perszyk K. J. (1993), Against Extended Modal Realism, „Journal of Philosophical Logic” 22(2), 205-214.
  • Plantinga A. (1995), Dwie koncepcje modalności: modalny realizm i modalny redukcjonizm [w:] Metafizyka w filozofii analitycznej, T. Szubka (red.), Lublin: Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL, 217-256.
  • Restall G. (1997), Ways Things Can’t Be, „Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic” 38(4), 583-595.
  • Sendłak M. (2013), Teorie metafizyczne światów niemożliwych, „Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia” 8(3), 17-42.
  • Stalnaker R. (1968), A Theory of Conditionals [w:] Studies in Logical Theory, N. Rescher (red.), Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Van Inwagen P. (1995), Dwa pojęcia światów możliwych [w:] Metafizyka w filozofii analitycznej, T. Szubka (red.), Lublin: Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL, 177-215.
  • Vander Laan D. (1997), The Ontology of Impossible Worlds, „Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic” 38(4): 597-620.
  • Vander Laan D. (2004), Counterpossibles and Similarity [w:] Lewisian Themes, G. Priest, F. Jackson (red.), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Yagisawa T. (1998), Beyond Possible Worlds, „Philosophical Studies” 53(2), 175-204.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-59ced34e-609c-49a4-8fdc-ba8d26558640
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