Štruktúra komického obrazu v tradičnom bábkovom divadle na Slovensku
Structure of comic images in traditional puppet theatre in Slovakia
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The submitted paper is an aesthetic and ethno-theatrological reflection on the theatre repertoire offered by traditional folk puppeteers in Slovakia. It is grounded on an analysis of nearly thirty plays from the repertoire of a dynasty of traditional Slovakian puppeteers – the Anderle family from Radvan. Based on the material acquired through transcription and reconstruction of the corresponding texts, the author focused on the structure of comic images, especially on the comic of characters, the situation comic and the verbal comic. The author also defines the genre of traditional puppet theatre within a broader ethno-theatrological context, and classifies the typology of characters in traditional puppet theatre with the emphasis put on their semantic, visual and phonic sensual-semantic layer. Special attention is paid to Jung’s concept of archetype of a comic character (Trikster) that is represented by the character of Gašparko in the given cultural environment. A philosophical and aesthetical discourse about the comic is completed by an analysis of the comic image’s poetry illustrated by short fragments from selected texts.
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