АРТ-ТЕРАПІЯ ЯК ЕФЕКТИВНА ТЕХНОЛОГІЯ СОЦІАЛІЗАЦІЇ ДІТЕЙ З ОСОБЛИВИМИ ОСВІТНІМИ ПОТРЕБАМИ В СУЧАСНИХ УМОВАХ
Art therapy as the efficient technology of socialization of children with special educational needs in the modern conditions
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The article deals with the problems of socialization of children with special educational needs; the accent is laid on the basic technologies of integration into society of children with peculiar needs and practical solutions of children’s incapability problems have been suggested. Among modern facilities of socialization and pedagogical rehabilitation of children with the special educational necessities a considerable place is taken to such direction of correction pedagogics, as fairytale therapy that creates the atmosphere of trust and attention to the inner world of the child. Theoretical and methodological aspects of using fairytale therapy, isotherapy and sand therapy were displayed in the learning process of school. The basic impacts of the methods of art therapy for personality development of children and integrate them into modern society are identified. Attention is focused on the remedial work of special schools. The influence of certain techniques of the art therapy to students with disabilities of Lviv special boarding school №104 named after St. Nicholas is investigated. The author examined the concept of the “fairytale therapy” as the technology of the activation of cognitive activity of juniors. Sand therapy is studied in the context of art therapy as a form of non-verbal correction, where the emphasis is on the creative self-expression and development of the child sensory perception. Art therapy (drawing techniques) is described as an art form that improves visual perception, develops the ability of pupils to observe, analyze and memorize. The main theoretical generalization and chosen set of practical suggestions can be used in professional work of teachers, educators, parents with children who experience multiple problems due to limitations of the functional resources. The basic results are inculcated in the educational process of the higher educational establishments and schools.
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