Miedziana siekiera z Białego Boru, gm. Grudziądz w świetle nowych analiz
Das Kupferbeil von Biały Bór, Gemeinde Grudziądz, im Lichte der neuen Analyse
The cooper axe from Biały Bór, mun. Grudziądz in the light of new analyses
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In the archaeological collection of the Museum in Grudziądz there is the cooper axe (inventory no. MG/A/158, previously no. 3407, fig. 1), of the Neolitic chronology. This is one of the oldest metal artifacts items from Lower Vistula Valley and Grudziądz Basin. The axe relic was discovered in 1896 in Weißhof, Kr. Graudenz (Białydwór, dis. Grudziądz), as an isolated artifact. We do not know whether the axe was a part of a hoard a treasure, or an element of burial equipment, or whether it was abandoned or deposited in some settlement in the Neolitic. We may assume that this isolated artifact was taken out of primary archaeological context that remains obscure to us. As a result the scientific value of the discovery was reduced to information on the circumstances of the discovery and morphological and technological features of item the axe. These data have not been fully exhausted yet. The presented article is supposed to organize and verify the information on the axe from Biały Bór, and, most importantly, entend the scope of existing findings in order to include the newest metallurgical analyses, covering the analysis of elemental composition and macrostructure.
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