ПРОЦЕС РЕСОЦІАЛІЗАЦІЇ НАРКОЗАЛЕЖНИХ ОСІБ: СТРУКТУРНИЙ АНАЛІЗ
The process of resocialization of drug-addicted people: structural analysis
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The article presents the research of the structure of a drug-addicted person’s resocialization. Resocialization structureisrepresented by three processes: rehabilitation, adaptation and integration of a person. All processes are in unity and resocialization is conditioned by several factors (environmental, personal and educational). The study structure ischaracterized by uneven deployment rehabilitation, adaptation and integration in time and space. Presented processes are unfolding in the following order: first rehabilitation is individual. The processofrehabilitation allows to deploythe social adaptation of a person. Social adaptation determines the inclusion of a drug-addicted personto society, that makes the integration of a former drug-addicted personin the social environment. The final goal of resocialization is changing norms and values, behavior patterns of a drug-addicted person, achieving a positive social experience for full functioning in the society. The sequence of implementation of each separate structural component resocialization can not be achieved without the implementation of the previous one. That is, a drug-addicted person can not be integrated in a social environment without going through the processes of environmental (social) adaptation, therefore without adaptive function, and the process of social adaptation will be extremely difficult without rehabilitation at all levels. The features of the processes of rehabilitation, social adaptation and integration of a drug-addicted person. Rehabilitation is represented through its forms (physical, psychological, social rehabilitation as the recovery process at different levels of the individual). Social adaptation is seen as a process of adaptation to the conditions of a drug-addicted person to the conditions of the social environment that is constantly changing. Integration is seen as a process that will provide a combination of a drug-addicted individual with the social environment. All processes in their entity allow the individual to achieve resocialization of a drug-addicted person. The perspective directions of the research of the problem of resocialization of drug addicts is the question of organization of the environment in rehabilitation centers for the implementation of resocialization, the construction of the subject-subject relations in this environment, involvement of families of drug addicts as a powerful resource for socio-pedagogical work, as well as the issues of creating conditions in the social environment for the possibility of social adaptation and integration of drug addicts into society.
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