PL EN


2016 | 62 | 19-30
Article title

The private letter discovered in Nikonionv

Authors
Content
Title variants
PL
Prywatny list odkryty w Nikonion
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The aim of this article is to present the two ostraca found in Greek polis of Nikonion on the northern shore of the Black Sea. The ostraca were found in 2007 and 2010 and they are the remains of a private letter which was send by one of the inhabitants of the polis to his relatives. Both fragments were translated and published in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. This article presents further interpretation in the context of the social, economic and agricultural conditions of the Greek poleis of the northern Black Sea coast. The letter has preserved some information about the system and conditions of the trade, and also delivered some figures about monetary system in use at Nikonion. Special attention has been paid to all information from the text which highlight the problem of the connections of the polis with smaller Greek settlements which constituted the chora of the city. The text of the letter shows how intensive and complex the economy of that polis was during the 4th century BC, especially bearing in mind that Nikonion was the only Greek centre on the western bank of the liman of the Dniester river, because of its location and size it is considered of secondary importance in the social and economic system of the Greek colonies in the Black Sea.
PL
Celem artykułu jest prezentacja ostrakonu znalezionego w dwóch częściach na terenie antycznej greckiej polis Nikonion, na północnym wybrzeżu Morza Czarnego. Poszczególne części znalezione zostały w 2007 i 2010 roku. Jest to prywatny list mieszkańca polis. Obie części opublikowane zostały w Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Prezentowana praca jest kontynuacją i rozwinięciem studiów na temat treści ostrakonu. Wzbogacono je o interpretacje warunków społecznych oraz gospodarczych, ze szczególną uwagą skierowaną na rolniczą działalność greckich poleis rozwijających się na północy Morza Czarnego. List zawiera bowiem informacje odnoszące się do handlu, jak i lokalnego obiegu pieniężnego w Nikonion. Podjęto dyskusję nad związkami nikonijskiej polis z osadami na terenie chora. Odnoszą się one do IV w. p.n.e. , kiedy Nikonion była jedyną polis na zachodnim brzegu Dniestru (antycznego Tyras), odgrywając istotną rolę w społecznym i gospodarczym systemie greckich kolonii nad Morzem Czarnym.
Year
Volume
62
Pages
19-30
Physical description
Dates
published
2016
Contributors
author
  • Institute of Classical Archaeology Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, inek.gl@gmail.com
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
0065-0986
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-5cc8c33b-e23b-479f-b984-0132d9ba3d99
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