Plán z let 1946–1947 na usídlení židovských uprchlíků z Polska v Československu
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The Plan from the Years 1946–1947 for Settling Jewish Refugees from Poland in Czechoslovakia
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Czechoslovakia played the role of a transit country in the migrations of European populations in the Second World War. In particular, transports with the repatriated Polish citizens who made up the largest group of the so-called displaced persons were passing through this territory. The change in the geopolitical situation in Central and Eastern Europe naturally had the effect that a great many Polish citizens also fled to the West through Czechoslovakia. Jews also illegally or semi-legally departed from Poland, usually heading for Palestine with the help of Zionist organizations. However, they often remained in camps for displaced persons, usually in the American occupation zone. Only a few of them made it to Palestine, and those who went, did so in secret. The overflowing camps were a significant burden on the American occupation authority, which is why a plan was developed to settle at least some of the refugees in Czechoslovakia. This article analyzes this subject, which had previously only been superficially documented, on the basis of close study of Czech sources as well as documents from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
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