PL EN


2018 | 43(4) | 65-83
Article title

Migrants’ chances or choices in a sub-protective welfare regime?

Content
Title variants
PL
Możliwości i wybory. Migranci w modelu ograniczonego państwa opiekuńczego
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
Even more intensely since the recession, employment conditions deteriorated, and welfare systems continued their reforming processes. Southern European countries saw their labour market situation worsened. Immigrants were one of the social groups more affected by high unemployment, informal and precarious working conditions. The article focuses on the main groups of immigrants in Portugal (Brazilians, Ukrainians and Cape Verdeans). It aims to test if and how, depending on their different forms of insertion into the labour market and relationship with the social protection system, these groups of immigrants coped with massive unemployment and precarious working conditions in different ways. According to the country of origin, weak/strong networks, secure/insecure position at work or personal circumstances, they could either choose to stay, re-emigrate or return to their origin countries. Empirical analysis is based on focus groups with unemployed immigrants, an online survey, and statistical data analysis. Findings suggest that, in a highly segmented labour market, under a weak and fragmented social protection system, the migrants’ individual decision is induced by the social structure, and not so much by individual agency.
PL
Od czasu kryzysu ekonomicznego warunki zatrudnienia pogorszyły się, a systemy państwa opiekuńczego kontynuowały proces reform. Także w krajach Europy Południowej sytu-acja na rynku pracy uległa dalszym niekorzystnym zmianom. Imigranci byli jedną z grup społecznych najbardziej dotkniętych wysokim bezrobociem oraz niestabilnymi warunkami pracy. Artykuł koncentruje się na głównych grupach imigrantów w Portugalii (Brazylij-czycy, Ukraińcy i obywatele Republiki Zielonego Przylądka). Ma on na celu ustalenie, czy i w jaki sposób, w zależności od różnych form wyjścia na rynek pracy oraz relacji z systemem ochrony socjalnej, poszczególne grupy imigrantów w różny sposón radziły sobie z wysokim bezrobociem i niestabilnymi warunkami pracy. W zależności od kraju pochodzenia, słabych/silnych sieci społecznych, bezpiecznej/niepewnej pozycji w miejscu pracy lub okoliczności osobistych mogą albo pozostać, ponownie wyemigrować do innego kraju albo powrócić do swoich krajów pochodzenia. Analiza empiryczna oparta jest na zogniskowanych wywiadach grupowych z bezrobotnymi imigrantami, ankiecie interneto-wej i analizie danych statystycznych. Jej wyniki wskazują, że na podzielonym rynku pracy, przy słabym i rozdrobnionym systemie ochrony socjalnej decyzje migrantów wywołane są w większym stopniu przez strukturę społeczną niż czynniki indywidualne.
Contributors
author
  • Centre for Social Studies (CES), University of Coimbra
author
  • Faculty of Economics and CES, University of Coimbra
  • Polytechnic Institute of Leiria and CICS.NOVA
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-5e45b5f5-231e-4236-a0ff-9f9e282d3129
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