EU Budget Challenged by the Present Migration and Refugee Crises – External Dimension of Actions
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The present migration and refugee crises in Europe required not only operational and legal EU responses but also budgetary ones. Additionally, the EU has resorted to use funds allocated to external action for migration purposes much more extensively than ever. This has turned the authors’ attention to the external dimension of the EU migration and asylum budget. In a spirit of emergency accompanied with the urgent search for flexibility the following budgetary measures on the external side were proposed: two trust funds: the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa and Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis along with the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey. These actions had serious budgetary consequences since they resulted in establishment of new financial solutions and hence caused budget reorganisation, refocus and reprioritisation. The new external developments have not only introduced cash pooling but also diminished the role of the European Parliament at the expense of the European Commission’s one. Such an approach may have far-reaching consequences for the EU as it conveys new fl exibility, limits the role of the long-term programming and redefi nes the relationship between the EU and third countries.
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