AN INTRODUCTION TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE NOTION PHILOSOPHIA PRIMA IN THOMAS AQUINAS AND ITS REGULATIVE IMPLICATIONS IN PARTICULAR SCIENCES
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Both in his comments on the Sententiae of Peter Lombard and in his Summa Theologiae, Thomas Aquinas uses the term philosophia prima. Although it is not used by Aquinas frequently, this term marks the technical sense which links theologia and metaphysica as the first sciences with the second sciences, like physics. Against this background, this article attempts to clarify: (1) the need of first philosophy to exist, (2) the Thomistic position which claims that there is only one supreme science which, though possessing three names, has God as its only subiectum, and (3) the meaning of the term philosophia prima.
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