Zabytek a światopogląd na przykładzie interpretacji urny twarzowej z Grabowa Bobowskiego
The artefact and a worldview on an example of interpretation of face urn from Grabowo Bobowskie
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There is a relationship between the interpretation of an artefact and the worldview. The fate of face urn from Grabowo Bobowskie was influenced by political and historical worldviews, dependent on the adopted civilisations: Latin by the Polish nation and Byzantine by the German nation. German scientists, supported by the state administration, studied the Germanic settlement on Polish territory, tracing it already in prehistory. In this way, they justified the political belonging of these lands to the Prussian state, and after the unification of Germany - to the German state. The views on the ‘cultural superiority’ of the Germanic peoples, and thus their heirs - the Germans, and the German contempt for other nations, created a corresponding social and political life. At that moment the urn from Grabowo Bobowskie was transferred to the museum in Poznań. At the end of the 20th century the search for ethnos belonging to an archaeological culture was abandoned. As a result politics ceased to influence scientific research. Aesthetic worldviews concerning the urn developed as a result of interpretations based on research methods taken from the history of art. Researchers considered face urns to be creations that evoke aesthetic values characteristic of works of art. The researchers considered face urns to be products which evoke the aesthetic value characteristic of works of art.
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