PL EN


2012 | 5(6) | 11-135
Article title

The ne bis in idem Principle in Proceedings Related to Anti-Competitive Agreements in EU Competition Law

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The source of the ne bis in idem principle in European Union law is found in both the Protocol no. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Convention) and in the legal systems of many Member States. It is enshrined in the jurisprudence of the EU courts as a general principle of EU law. Furthermore, it has also been introduced into some international agreements concluded by the Member States, i.e. the Convention on the protection of the European Communities’ financial interests and the Convention on the fight against corruption, which remain an integral part of EU legislation, as well as in the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement, which has been progressively integrated into EU legislation. Following the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, which incorporates the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (Charter) into EU primary law, the provision on the application of the ne bis in idem principle is now applied in the European Union in areas broader than just the scope of the three above-mentioned Conventions. The significance of this principle may also be strengthened following the accession of the EU to the Convention, as has been set forth in the new Article 6(2) TEU. The ne bis in idem principle has found its own, lasting place among the rights and guarantees of undertakings in proceedings conducted by the Commission and the national competition authorities (NCAs) of the Member States aimed at prosecuting and/or sanctioning parties for agreements non-compliant with EU competition law. However, it is still not applied in proceedings against agreements having a scope which transcends EU borders, conducted by the Commission or the NCAs of Member States on the one hand, and by the competition authorities of non-member States on the other. This approach is grounded both in the provisions of the Convention and in the provisions of the Charter.
FR
Le principe ne bis in idem trouve sa source aussi bien dans le Protocole no 7 de la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme (Convention) que dans les systèmes juridiques des États membres. Dans le droit de l’Union européenne, il est présent dans la jurisprudence des juges communautaires en tant que règle générale du droit communautaire. Avec l’entrée en vigueur du traité de Lisbonne, qui inclut la Charte des droits fondamentaux (Charte) dans le droit primaire de l’UE, l’Union européenne s’est dotée aussi d’un texte relatif à l’application du principe ne bis in idem dans un champ beaucoup plus large que pour les affaires relevant des trois conventions susmentionnées. L’importance de ce principe peut aussi être corroborée par l’adhésion de l’UE à la Convention, ce que prévoit l’art. 6 nouveau, al. 2 du TUE. Le principe ne bis in idem a sa place assurée parmi les droits et garanties reconnus à l’entrepreneur dans le cadre des procédures menées par la Commission et les autorités nationales de concurrence, soit la poursuite et sanction des accords non conformes au droit communautaire de la concurrence. Cependant, il n’est pas appliqué en cas de procédures relatives à des accords dont la portée dépasse le territoire de l’UE, menées par la Commission ou une autorité nationale de concurrence d’une part et les autorités de concurrence de pays tiers d’autre part. Ceci est motivé aussi bien par les clauses de la Convention que celles de la Charte.
Year
Volume
Pages
11-135
Physical description
Dates
published
2012-03-30
Contributors
References
  • Bazyliańska J., ‘Współpraca w ramach Europejskiej Sieci Konkurencji’ [‘Cooperation in the Framework of the European Competition Network’] (2007) 11 Przegląd Ustawodawstwa Gospodarczego.
  • Bernatt M., ‘Gwarancje proceduralne w sprawach z zakresu ochrony konkurencji i regulacji, mających charakter karny w świetle EKPCz – glosa do wyroku SN z 14.04.2010 r.’ [‘Procedural guarantees in cases in the field of competition protection of penal nature in the light of ECtHR – gloss to the judgment of the Supreme Court of 14.04.2010’] (2011) 6 Europejski Przegląd Sądowy.
  • De La Cuesta J., ‘Concurrent national and international criminal jurisdiction and the principle ‘ne bis in idem. General report’ (2002) 73(3/4) Revue internationale de droit pénal.
  • Gippini Fournier E., ‘Institutional report’, [in:] Koeck H.F., Karollus M.M. (eds.), The Modernisation of European Competition Law, FIDE 2008, Nomos.
  • Lemaire Ch., ‘Premier bilan de l’application du règlement n° 1/2003’ (2009) 251 Petites affiches.
  • Paulis E., Gauer C., ‘Le règlement no 1/2003 et le principe du ne bis in idem’ (2005) 1 Concurrences – RDLC.
  • Wils W. ‘Community report’, [in:] Cahill D., Cooke J.D. (eds.), The Modernisation of EU Competition Law Enforcement in the EU, FIDE 2004, Cambridge.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-617b970e-f44d-4c94-9e34-16fb7c426647
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