The article reveals some effective ways of formation of future social workers professional culture to improve their professional training in the terms of university education. It analyzes the concept of «professional culture», especially its formation in the context of research training specialists in social work and it is known to be a complex structural formation, which is based on a conscious learning, continuous development and use of an integrated system of specialized knowledge and skills, values, professionally important qualities for highly professional work in the situations that require the mobilization of social work deep personal resources. The article defines the basic organizational, psychological and pedagogical conditions of professional students training in the specialty «Social work» with the characteristics of their professional culture, which is known to be based on the personality-oriented approach to learning. The scientific research has found that there are two main directions of professional culture – the formation of intellectual and developmental social mechanism in which training activity is characterized as a rich informative way of professional self and identity of professional formation and professional and the social forming mechanism in which the culture of a joint teacher-student acts is a totally new system in education, education cooperation, through which the students focus on constructive challenge to its operations and activity of the teacher. The article proves that the role of the student government is one of the most effective factors in the professional culture formation of the social worker in the terms of higher education, as the symbiosis of a targeted traditional lecture-seminar system and the student government will promote a professional culture formation of the future professional opportunities through the disclosure of the student’s opportunities, formation of his motives, professionally significant qualities at the level of a «teacher-student», «student-student», «student-employer», «student-the users of social services». The presence of high-level professional formation of professional culture is not a requirement but a necessity that triggered the current state of society. Therefore it cannot simplify the system special, narrow professional knowledge and skills. It is manifested through the unity of individual and personal and professional qualities of a professional degree possession of professional competence, social and professional mobility, which improves the social situation, the problems under conditions of joining the common European educational space.