PL EN


2016 | 64 | 11: Anglica | 41-52
Article title

Learning a foreign language through play

Authors
Title variants
PL
Rola zabawy w uczeniu się języka obcego
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Playing comes to children as naturally as breathing and is one of the most predominant forms of activity in a child’s life from infancy to adolescence. In fact, the right to engage in developmentally-appropriate play and leisure activities is now recognised internationally as one of the basic human rights of children (UNCRC, Article 31, 1989). Children’s playful disposition constitutes a powerful developmental drive whose educational potential cannot be ignored. In order to initiate and maintain meaningful interaction and create developmentally-appropriate learning opportunities, foreign language (FL) teachers of young learners’ need to acknowledge play as a central element of early foreign language pedagogy. This paper takes up the issue of learning through play and argues that play-based activities should constitute the core of good classroom practice in young learners’ FL instruction. It begins with a definition of play and a discussion of the centrality of play in early and later child development. It then considers the rationale for incorporating elements of play in the FL classroom and presents a range of its benefits and possible applications. Finally, a typology and examples of play-based tasks for very young and young learners are provided followed by some practical guidelines for implementing play in the classroom. The paper concludes with a list of resources for teachers who are willing to integrate play in their curricula.
PL
Zabawa jest jedną z głównych form aktywności dziecka od niemowlęctwa do okresu dojrzewania, a prawo do uczestnictwa w zabawie jest uznawane za jedno z podstawowych praw dziecka. Naturalna skłonność dziecka do zabawy stwarza okazje do poznawania świata, nawiązywania więzi społecznych i stanowi główny motor jego rozwoju psychicznego i fizycznego. Artykuł porusza tematykę roli zabawy w procesie uczenia się i nauczania języka obcego na etapie przedszkolnym i wczesnoszkolnym. Celem artykułu jest wykazanie, że nauczanie poprzez zabawę stwarza rozwojowo uzasadniony kontekst do kształtowania kompetencji językowej dziecka w sposób spontaniczny, autonomiczny, zrozumiały i przyjemny. Zabawa zapewnia warunki, w których nauczyciel może jednocześnie zaspokajać potrzeby ruchowe, poznawcze, emocjonalne i społeczne małego dziecka i umożliwić mu oswojenie się ze środowiskiem klasy językowej. Gry i zabawy aktywizują wszystkie dzieci bez względu na różnice indywidualne i motywują je do uczestnictwa w lekcjach języka obcego. Artykuł rozpoczyna się wprowadzeniem definicji zabawy oraz omówieniem roli jaką odgrywa ona w rozwoju dziecka. Przedstawione są formy i zasady zastosowania gier i zabaw podczas lekcji języka obcego i korzyści językowe, poznawcze i społeczne płynące z nauczania poprzez zabawę. Autorka omawia również klasyfikację gier dla dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym i wczesnoszkolnym. W końcowej części artykułu zaprezentowane są praktyczne wskazówki dla nauczycieli języka obcego.
Year
Volume
64
Issue
Pages
41-52
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of Applied Linguistics, Institute of English Studies, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, ewasik@o2.pl
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-61d5498b-cd44-4d2e-800d-b821db351857
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