National strategy of development of Ukraine education marks that a study and introduction of experience of other countries is one of major tasks. European integration influences on all spheres of vital functions of modern society. It is not an exception and system of trade education, including medical. The level of education in a country determines the level of intellectual potential of society and creates conditions for social, economic, scientific and technical progress. Strategies of modern development of medical education of Ukraine are determined through the analysis of world experience of professional preparation of medical workers. In our view considerable scientific and practical interest in this aspect presents experience of Poland Republic. Poland is the first of former socialist countries which signed Bologna declaration in 1999. Nowadays it has considerable works in the field of physicians preparation (high level of medical service of population, professionalism of physicians, normatively legal providing of activity of physicians and so on). Comparing professional preparation of physicians in higher educational establishments of Poland and Ukraine similarity of organization of educational process is set in credit-module system and use of basic forms of organization of educational process. The found out differences touch the management of medical education, formation of student contingent and structure of curricula. On the basis of functional approach in the process of research the semantic basis of professional preparation of physician was determined. In particular, content of the proper curricula and programs is analysed. The study of experience of Poland will enable to conduct an effective changes in Ukrainian medical education. Comparing professional preparation of physicians in higher educational establishments of Poland and Ukraine some experience of medical universities of Poland it is expedient to inculcate in preparation of physicians in Ukraine.