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2018 | 30 | 39 - 44

Article title

Pamiętnik, diariusz, dziennik w klasie języka polskiego jako odziedziczonego

Title variants

Memoirs, diary journal on Polish as inherited language course

Languages of publication



A journal as a literary genre is defined as a fictive narrative work written for publication, constructed according to calendar sequence. In the case of a travel diary, it is written according to the stages of a journey, having artistic and aesthetic value. The diary or diary-like forms have been important media of expression. Montaigne’s Essais, Rousseau’s Confessions, Pascal’s Pensées, or Satre’s diary-novel La nausée illustrate the presence of journals and memoirs in the world of literature. The journals of well-known Polish writers that students may find interesting: Miron Białoszewski Pamiętnik z powstania warszawskiego, Maria Dąbrowska Dzienniki (1914-1965), Widold Gombrowicz Dzienniki (1953 – 1969), Gustaw Herling-Grudziński Dziennik pisany nocą, Zofia Nałkowska Dzienniki (1899-1954), Sławomir Mrożek Dziennik (1962-1969, 1970-1979, 1980-1989), Jan Chryzostom Pasek Pamiętniki, Zofia Stryjeńska Chleb prawie że powszedni. Pamiętnik, Stefan Żeromski Dzienniki (1953-1956). The common futures of some diaries include the following: journals are written with a public reader in mind, there is a blurring of the boundary between fiction and non- fiction, they have extroverted orientation, self-encapsulation, clarifying personal identity, diaries are first person narratives, journals are usually consciously constructed works of art. In the Polish heritage language classes students write journal entries linked to the topics in their textbook to practice vocabulary, idiomatic expressions, and grammar (otherwise they don’t know what to write about, their life is uneventful, after classes most of them go to work – that is what they claim). Students write their journals with a public reader in mind – their classmates. Sometimes there is a concealing of the boundary between fiction and non-fiction, students make take on a fictitious persona, if they feel uncomfortable and they do not want to disclose their personal information and opinions. Otherwise they concentrate on I – the student and most of their journal entries are written in the first person narratives. Their diaries, journals, memoirs, itineraries, and scrapbooks can be used as enrichment activities in the process of learning the art of writing with a focus on Polish art, music, literature, history, and traditions. Depending on the skill level and interests of the class, these topics may include: their brief biography, childhood pursuits, a family gathering, their likes and dislikes, leisure/sport activities, plans for the future, a typical weekend or a day, winter break/summer vacation, the worst day/or the happiest day, an adventure, a review of a preferred movie, a critique of a chosen book, a description of a favorite place in Poland, a presentation of a famous Polish person, a cultural activity they attended in the Polish community, a Polish cultural event on campus, a concert experience, a visit at a museum or an art gallery, a role of technology in a student’s life, a dream or a fantasy tale. The most important aspects of writing a journal are among others: expressing clearly thoughts and ideas, applying learned grammatical structures and rules in writing, retaining appropriate vocabulary, idiomatic expressions in journal entries, using synonyms and new learned vocabulary.


  • Saint Xavier University, USA


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Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

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