THE CONTEMPORARY CONCEPT OF E-GOVERNMENT AND THE CASE OF TURKEY: POSSIBLE CHALLENGES AND THE E-TRANSFORMATION TURKEY PROJECT
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Globalization is the process of transforming regional or local developments and phenomena into global realities. Globalization is also a process that unifies the world into a single society which is a combination of economical, social, political and technological influences. The most substantial actor in this process is the Internet and its contributions to data and knowledge procurement among the states, legal and natural persons. Moreover, Turkey is one of the leading nations in the world to encourage the use of Internet and e-government implementations to integrate Turkey with rest of the world and render premium services to her citizens and other related entities. The e-government which is also known as e-gov, online government or digital government, is a concept to utilize the Internet technology as a means to exchange information, provide services and transactions with citizens, business and other branches of government. Some e-government implementations both in practice and forthcoming in Turkey are e-Government Gateway, Public Sector Network, Information Disaster Recover System and Justice Net. It is aimed to constitute and develop knowledge society; to facilitate access to knowledge, decrease time consumption, provide better access to public services and enhance efficiency, ensure transparency and accountability, lower the costs and save sources in Turkey by e- government regulations. The aim of this study is to reveal the developments and realities of e-government in Turkey with respect to the ETransformation Turkey Project theoretically depending on comprehensive and credible, international and national publications.
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