ЗАСТОСУВАННЯ ДОСЛІДНИЦЬКОГО МЕТОДУ В НАВЧАЛЬНО- ПОШУКОВІЙ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ МОЛОДШИХ ШКОЛЯРІВ
The research method in the junior schoolchildren learning-searching activity application.
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The purpose of this paper is to study possible ways to include younger students in research that is in the process of converting the acquired knowledge and independent “discovery” of new. Methodological basis of research are the psychological and pedagogical research provisions of the laws of development of the personality; theories of scientific knowledge and development of learning; principles of interrelation of theory and practice, activity, development, determinism, unity of consciousness and activity. Conducted research showed that the success of the implementation of the research method in the learning process largely depends on the optimal combination of group and individual forms of employment. The main advantage of individual training is that it allows you to fully adapt content, teaching methods and rate of retrieval of the child to its features; watch her every action and operation in solving specific problems; promotion from ignorance to knowledge; in time to make the necessary adjustments to operations as of the student and teacher; adapt them to the situation that is constantly changing. The general thrust of the child to interact with peers gradually develops into a conscious desire to work together with others well and quickly that is the most appropriate way to do the job, get all the desired result. The feasibility of such application of research method in primary school due to the fact that the age encourages the younger pupils to independent search for new knowledge, promotes personal self-realization and self-determination of each student, forms a general positive attitude towards teaching. The use of group forms of education contributes to the emergence, development and establishment of motive cooperation. Thus optimizes the process of search activity, which is absorbed by the pupils, is creative and develops pupils of elementary school as a subject of teaching, promotes the formation of the new cognitive learning motives. Search of the theoretical results allowed concluding about the importance of constant efforts of teachers, aimed at identifying productive forms and methods of implementation of research method that would provide occurrence pupil in the learning process consciously and actively. Prospects for further research are related to the extension of age limits of the studied contingent and coverage of other subject areas.
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