Szkice z dziejów grudziądzkiej Hakaty z lat 1894–1914
Studien zur Geschichte der Graudenzer HaKaTa 1894–1914
Sketches from the history of the Grudziądz Hakata (German Eastern Marches Society) in 1894–1914
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Founded in November 1894 in Poznań, the Hakata, or the Society for Strengthening of Germandom in the Eastern Marches, and from 1899 the German Eastern Marches Society, was an emanation of the German nationalism directed against the Polish element. Its purpose was primarily both the stopping of the development of the dynamic Polish social and economic life in the late 19th c., and pointing attention of the German public opinion to the demographic phenomena on the eastern frontiers of the Reich, which were perceived as dangerous for the Germandom. Since its foundation until the Great War, the Hakata was experiencing the organizational development. In each city and in many villages of the Prussian partition, the branch of this organization was active, leading a rich cultural and social life, which stimulated the pride of belonging to the German nation. The Hakata local branch also operated in Grudziądz. For two decades of its activity, numerous city’s leading figures participated as its members, including local government officials, teachers, Protestant clergy, factory workers, and petty bourgeoisie. The Grudziądz Hakata tried to actively participate in the cultural life of the city and influence the electoral decisions of the German residents of Grudziądz. Due to the fact that its members belonged to the elite of the Grudziądz at that time, this organization influenced the city’s history at the end of the 19th and in the first years of the 20th c.
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