Co wzmacnia/oslabia społeczny darwinizm? O roli doświadczeń z ludźmi, osobowości, wartości osobistych i przywiazania do wspólnoty
WHAT STRENGTHENS/WEAKENS THE SOCIAL DARWINISM? ON THE ROLE OF SOCIAL EXPERIENCE, PERSONALITY, PERSONAL VALUES AND EMBEDDEDNESS IN A COMMUNITY
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The article presents a multi-layered analysis that seeks to identify psychological sources of social Darwinism – the syndrome of negative beliefs about human nature and social world. The article described research that explores potential relationships between different domains of psychological life and the darwin-like beliefs. The authors inquire into psychological factors that lead people to perceive the social world as a jungle. They point to several fields, where one may find important predictors of social darwinism: 1) positive and negative experiences with people, disappointment by significant persons); 2) stable personality traits (agreeableness, openness to experiences, tough-mindedness); 3) personal values (individualism-collectivism, humanism-materialism, conservatism); and 4) various forms of embeddedness in national and civic community (patriotism, nationalism, symbolic and instrumental engagement). The analysis based on three survey research confirmed the hypothesized relationships between darwin-like beliefs and the four mentioned categories of psychological factors.
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