Kategorie onimiczne średniowiecznej polszczyzny w kronice Janka z Czarnkowa
Onimic categories in medieval Polish in Janko of Czarnków chronicle
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Janko of Czarnków Chronicle has been subjected to the onomastic analysis. In consequence, 324 naming formations have been excerpted. The ﬁrst onimic category distinguished in Chronicle are monomial formations. In the oldest source materials we may observe that apart from a single proper noun, there appear diﬀerent kinds of notions allowing more precise characteristic. Z. Kowalik-Kaleta named them individual terms. There was a tendency to group them directly after a single proper noun. This is howdeﬁnite descriptions originated. Elaborated deﬁnite descriptions were avoided and abbreviated forms were preferable. Locative prepositional phrases originated from locative descriptions. Patronymic descriptions transformed into synthetic forms with nominal suﬃxes: -ic, -icz, -owic, -owicz, -ek, -ka, -ko, -ik, -yk, -czyk,-ec, -ak, -czak, -ę, -ęta. Analytical locative prepositional phrases transformed into synthetic adjectival forms into -ski, -sky. Moreover, in Janko of Czarnków Chronicle we may distinguish such onimic categories as anthroponomical appelativa and proto names of foreign origin. On the basis of the analyzed linguistic material it should be concluded that medieval Polish language used diﬀerent onimic categories.
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