О «Том», или архаические и исторические аспекты исследования языка
On “That”, or Archaic and Historic Aspects of Language Studies. Equivalence, Sense, Ambivalence, Verity, Nomination Derivation, Historic, Archaic.
Languages of publication
The article explores ontological prerequisites of the manifestation and localization in language/discourse the identity category as a fundamental notion of human activity constituting existential contexts of language usage. The article discusses pragmatic senses embodied in various textual usage of pronoun that. The article emphasizes the importance of this pronoun and the identity senses manifested by it in creation of the language nominative base, including both descriptive objectively oriented statements (periphrasal descriptions) and performative units (proper names and expressions). Identity is seen as the initial point of the categorization of the world through language, which is the attempt to unify numerous impressions from reality, as the essential and dominating prerequisite of abstract thinking opening way to reduce various manifestations of supranational thinking substance to an average – the one, as the major component and the most expressive element of human spiritual culture embodied in various kinds of texts. The preservation of realia identity is connected with the category of truth, which is a fundamental category for understanding and interpretation of the real world and a basic category of perception and recording of phenomenal manifestations of reality nominatively fixed in a language. There is a relation between the act of nominative identification of reality phenomena with etymologic aspects of linguistic fact interpretation, with co-reference, which a phenomenon common in non-discourse speech of referential identity. The etymologically relevant language phenomena connected with archaisation are contrasted with numerous historic changes of linguistic forms that systematic and functional linguistic elements undergo in the process of their functioning.
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