2019 | vol. 63, nr 5 | 173-187
Article title

Tangible and intangible resources and the financial performance of Polish social cooperatives

Title variants
Materialne i niematerialne zasoby a wyniki finansowe polskich spółdzielni socjalnych
Languages of publication
The purpose of the article is to determine the relationship between the level of competitiveness of resources and the financial performance of social cooperatives. In the preliminary analysis, based on the results of survey, we use the data provided by 57 respondents. For in-depth analysis we involve the data from the EMIS Intelligence database of 20 Polish social cooperatives. Using the Spearman’s rank correlation we investigate the relationship between the rating of the level of competitiveness of tangible (physical, technological, financial) and intangible (human, relational, knowledge) resources and the cooperatives’ financial performance, i.e. the rating of profitability and revenues. Initially, the research results proved that there are average relationships between the rating of profitability and the rating of competitiveness of tangible (0.38) and intangible (0.42) resources. However in the in-depth analysis, based on objective data, even a weak correlation between either tangible or intangible resources and the revenues was not found. The article also discusses the obtained results along with identifying the likely causes of this situation.
Celem artykułu było określenie związku pomiędzy poziomem konkurencyjności zasobów a wynikami finansowymi spółdzielni socjalnych. We wstępnej analizie, opartej na wynikach badań ankietowych, wykorzystano dane uzyskane od 57 respondentów. W analizie pogłębionej skorzystano z danych pochodzących z bazy EMIS Intelligence, obejmujących 20 polskich spółdzielni socjalnych. Korzystając z korelacji rangowej Spearmana, zbadano związek między oceną poziomu konkurencyjności zasobów materialnych (fizycznych, technologicznych, finansowych) i niematerialnych (ludzkich, relacyjnych, wiedzy) a wynikami finansowymi spółdzielni, tj. oceną rentowności i przychodami. Początkowo wyniki badań wykazały, że istnieje przeciętna korelacja między oceną rentowności a oceną konkurencyjności zasobów materialnych (0,38) i niematerialnych (0,42). Jednak w pogłębionej analizie opartej na obiektywnych danych nie stwierdzono nawet słabej korelacji między zasobami materialnymi lub niematerialnymi a przychodami. W artykule przedyskutowano także uzyskane wyniki wraz z identyfikacją prawdopodobnych przyczyn takiej sytuacji.
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