2012 | 153 | 87-106
Article title

Idea sprawiedliwości a problem pomocy w koncepcjach Amartyi Sena i Muhammada Yunusa

Title variants
He Idea of Justice and the Problem of Aid: Amartya Sen and Muhammad Yunus
Languages of publication
This article addresses the problem of fighting poverty on the basis of the liberal political philosophy of Amartya Sen. The aim is to demonstrate that this program has gained its practical embodiment in the work of Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank he created. In this article I will reconstruct the main arguments of Sen’s political theory, in which the question of support is associated with the concept of social justice and based on the assumption of methodological individualism. This means that all programs and economic decisions that focus on the implementation of social welfare must be assessed from the perspective of individuals and must consider how they affect their lives. The criterion for determining a „good life” in the concept of Sen is not economic but political: it is the freedom of an individual realized in a society, including its scope and practical forms. Sen is an economist and political philosopher and Yunus is an economist-practitioner, but they both share a belief in the world development in increasing human freedom and poverty eradication, thanks to capabilities and creative activities of people. The political and economic institutions should then trigger the enterprise of individuals and enable them to extract themselves from poverty.
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