The article is devoted to the development of cognitive activity of future medical workers in extracurricular time. The article analyzes the significance of the development of independent cognitive activity of future medical workers in extracurricular time. It has defined the goals and tasks of independent cognitive activity of the students in the sphere of National Health Service. It is executed the analysis of the scientific-methodical complex and test methods of independent cognitive activity of the students of medical profile, which are directed at improving the cognitive level of professional culture speaking of future physicians by activating the relevant theoretical and practical knowledge and correct deficiency of a linguistic nature. Independent cognitive activity of the medical students is activated only when the academic discipline is professional-oriented. The combination of interest in future professional career of medicine and academic discipline promotes the level of self-development. It allows increasing the level of self-learning and creative activity of the students of medical profile. It also provides further professional growth of future specialist of medicine. The purpose of this article is to analyze the development of cognitive activity of future physicians in extracurricular time at the foreign languages Department of Zaporizhzhya state medical University. The goals and tasks of independent cognitive activity of the medical students are the following: the expansion of educational opportunities for future physicians, particularly in obtaining, analyzing and applying information from various sources; the possibility of transferring the received skills and ways of activity on various subjects and professional activities of physicians; the formation of deep internal motivation. The development of cognitive activity of future medical workers in extracurricular time must be planned thoroughly.The organization of the above-mentioned process provides the development of a scientific-methodical complex and test methods for independent cognitive activity of medical students.From our point of view, the discussion is the most effective method of independent cognitive activity validation which contributes to the formation and development of communicative competence of future medical workers.