Роль шкільних екскурсій в інтегрованій освіті.
Trips for children are a great form of revising and arranging information. Another attraction is in games and didactic puzzles using the knowledge of a child he or she acquired during a lesson. Literary education and nature, arts and music can be integrated and they all become a great asset for outings and trips. Trips which are one of the forms of activating children teach independence, team cooperation and respect for nature which is an indispensable element of our life. It is emphasized that the development of a child is supported by various forms of activity provided by family, school environment and age-mates. The activities are enhanced by creative tasks fulfilled by a child in preschool and at early school stage. At all educational stages the trips seem to be the activity allowing children to acquire and revise knowledge. When we prepare children to leave school or preschool we teach them repeatable behavior. Not only do we introduce the topic of the trip but we also teach how to behave in the right way in a forest, botanical garden or a park. We also teach how to cooperate in a group, how to be independent and apprehensive. When we organize a trip we teach children to become “a small explorer”. Each season provides us with interesting observations and allows to see the changes in nature. We can also collect the “objects” which can be used at home, in preschools or at school to create something with children. The collected objects, e.g. chestnuts, acorns or leaves are a perfect material which can be used during arts or technical education. It allows children to create their own souvenirs, ornaments, albums or herbariums. The descriptions of nature give an opportunity to verify them with reality which can be seen during the trips. Word puzzles help also to develop interests and sensibility. Another advantage is teaching the right patterns of behavior in nature. It is concluded that school trips help the pupils to learn about the environment and the world around us. The activity that is fulfilled by creative tasks done by a child allows revising the acquired knowledge, facilitates the process of observation of nature and influences pro-ecologic behavior.
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