Instrumenty kształtowania struktury obszarowej gospodarstw rolnych w Polsce ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem roli instrumentów finansowych
Instruments for shaping the area structure of Polish agricultural holdings with particural emphasis on the role of fi nancial instruments
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Commonly it is deemed, which is also confirmed in professional economical literature, that spatial structure of farms in Poland is insufficient and requires improvement. The need of this improvement is dictated by the necessity of increasing the amount of developing farms, which guarantee the fulfilment of always increasing internal and external demand on polish food and raw materials of agricultural origin necessary to produce renewable sources of energy. Actions of the state heading for improving the spatial structure of farms were taken in Poland, with different effect, throughout the whole post–war period but their intensification took place after 1990. The most important activities initiated after this year are: the supporting of crediting the purchasing of land through granting premiums to interest of bank loans and then applying different forms of financial support for structural transformations in agriculture, provided by actions of assistance programmes for agriculture and rural areas after 2004. Special role in this matter has been envisaged on structural pensions in agriculture. In practice it turned out however that non of these actions both taken separately and together have not caused significant positive changes in the spatial structure of farms. Therefore the general conclusion on the background of this analysis leads to the opinion that the essential influence on desired structural changes in agriculture, in it also on the improvement of spatial structure of farms, have mainly friendly to the producer market of foodstuff and that actions which were analysed in this paper one can impute only auxiliary function in these transformations.
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