МОРАЛЬНЕ ВИХОВАННЯ КАДЕТІВ У ХІХ – НА ПОЧАТКУ ХХ СТОЛІТТЯ
Moral education оf the cadets in the XIX – early XX century
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The questions concerning the problem of moral education in the cadet corps of the Russian Empire, which operated in Ukrainian provinces in the nineteenth – early twentieth century are discussed. The following main stages of formation and development of the moral education of cadets which are the main links of moral education with spiritual, aesthetic and others, which are presented in the organization of the educational process, are revealed. The following basic forms of educational activities which are aimed at the development of moral qualities of students of cadet corps, future officers, are characterized. Moral education has always played a special role in the life of the corps, that were essential qualities of high intelligence, aesthetic culture, and unshakable adherence of the Code of honor. Officers usually had an excellent education, intellect, possessed leisure skills, clearly expressed their thoughts, could dance well. These qualities are naturally laid in the family, but they were fixed and developed in military schools and cadet corps in the process of purposeful moral education. In the moral education of cadets leading role was accounted for by immediate superiors and teachers. It is thought that they must be not only highly educated, but also highly moral, encouraged, sincerely love children they care for, be willing to put their own soul for their students. Students of cadet corps were the pride of the nation and the embodiment of national identity and national soul. Staying continuously in the walls of the buildings imposes an indelible imprint on the students, creates a cultural and educational environment from the early days of military service, forms a system of values, character and personality as future officers, brings them the ability to moral reflection, the supreme goal of education. The author concludes that moral education was an integral part of education. At the heart of it was religion, with its concepts of good and evil, on the basis of which were formed the basic moral traits with maintaining a firm authorized order, productive spending of free time, constant control and discipline. A special place in the moral education of the cadets was paid to the development of a sense of honor.
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