2016 | 6(63/2) | 227-249
Article title

Harvard Lycopolitan John – kolejne fałszerstwo? Koptyjski manuskrypt w świetle Ewangelii Żony Jezusa i współczesnych badań.

Title variants
Harvard Lycopolitan John – Another Forgery? A Coptic Manuscript in the Light of the Gospel of Jesus’ Wife and its Contemporary Examinations.
Languages of publication
On 18 September 2015, during the International Congress of Coptic Studies in Rome, Professor Karen L. King from Harvard Divinity School, presented a previously unpublished Coptic papyrus fragment, known as the Gospel of Jesus’ Wife. This text was among the scraps of ancient manuscripts, one of which is known as the Harvard Lycopolitan John and contains small fragments from the Gospel of John. In my article I attempt to analyze this second manuscript and demonstrate, on the basis of various scientific examinations performed by contemporary scholars, that the aforementioned Gospel of Jesus’ Wife, and also the Harvard Lycopolitan John, are modern creations. Unknown origin of the HLJ, unusual dimensions of the manuscript, dialectal implausibility, linguistic errors, etc. – all these phenomena allow us to treat the Harvard Lycopolitan John as a forgery, which was faithfully copied from Herbert Thompson’s 1924 edition of the fourth-century Lycopolitan “Qau codex”.
  • Askeland, C., “A Lycopolitan Forgery of John’s Gospel”, NTS 61:03 (2015) 314-34.
  • Askeland, C., John’s Gospel: The Coptic Translations of its Greek Text, Arbeiten zur neutestamentlichen Textforschung 44 (Berlin 2012).
  • Bagnall, R. S., Egypt in Late Antiquity (Princeton 1993).
  • T. Bąk, Il Proto-Isaia in copto-saidico. Edizione critica sulla base di sa 52 (M 568) e di altri testimoni. Estratto della dissertazione per il Dottorato in Studi dell’Oriente Antico (Roma 2014).
  • Brankaer, J., Coptic. A Learning Grammar (Sahidic) (Wiesbaden 2010).
  • Clark, R. J. H., „Pigment Identification of Medieval Manuscripts by Raman Microscopy”, Journal of Molecular structure 347 (1995) 417-27.
  • Crum, W. E., A Coptic Dictionary (ed. oryginalna: Oxford 1939; reprint: Eugene, Oregon 2005).
  • Emmel, S., „The Codicology of the New Coptic (Lycopolitan) Gospel of John Fragment (and Its Relevance for Assessing the Genuineness of the Recently Published Coptic „Gospel of Jesus’ Wife” Fragment”) (for non-commercial internet publication, 2014-06-22), dostępny na stronie: file:///C:/Artykuły/ kopt.%20Ew.%20Jana/ emmel-codicologyharvardjohn-2014-06-22.pdf)
  • Funk, W.P., „Toward a Classification of the „Sahidic” Nag Hammadi Texts”, Acts of the Fifth International Congress of Coptic Studies, Washington, 12-15 August 1992, t. II (ed. D.W. Johnson) (Rome 1993) 163-77.
  • Horner, G. W. (ed.), Coptic Version of the New Testament in the Southern Dialect otherwise Called Sahidic and Thebaic, t. III: The Gospel of S. John (Oxford 1911).
  • Kasser, R., “A Standard System of Sigla for Referring to the Dialects of Coptic”, J. Copt. Stud. 1 (1990) 141-51.
  • King, K., „ „Jesus said to them: ‘My wife…’”A New Coptic Papyrus Fragment”, HTR 107:2 (2014) 131-59.
  • Kőrte, A., „Literarische Texte mit Ausschluss der Christlichen”, Archiv fűr Papyrusforschung 11 (1935), 220-83.
  • Layton, B., A Coptic Grammar (Wiesbaden 2004).
  • T.Orlandi, „La patrologia copta”, Complementi interdisciplinari di patrologia (ed. A. Quacquarelli) (Roma 1989) 457-502.
  • Robinson, G. S., „How a Papyrus Fragment Became a Sensation”, NTS 61:3 (2015) 379-94.
  • Smith, G. D., Clarc, R. J. H., „Raman Microscopy in Archeological Science”, Journal of Archeological Science 31 (2004) 1137-60.
  • Thompson, H. (ed.), The Gospel of St. John According to the Earliest Coptic Manuscript Edited with a Translation by Sir Herbert Thompson (London 1924).
  • Till, W. C., Koptische Dialektgrammatik mit Lesestűcken und Wőrterbuch (Műnchen 21961).
  • Turner, E. G., The Typology of the Early Codex (Philadelphia 1997).
  • Yardley, J. T., Hagadorn, A., „Characterization of the Chemical Nature of the Black Ink in the Manuscript of The Gospel of Jesus’ Wife through Micro-Raman Spectroscopy, HTR 107:2 (2014) 162-64
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.