Państwa BRICS w polityce i strategii UE
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Abstract The BRICS Countries in the Policy and Strategy of the EU
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The 2007–2009 global ﬁnancial and economic crisis, has become a censure in international relations, deﬁning the moment of the emer¬gence of a new global order outline. There are signs that the Western countries’ economic hegemony is coming to an end, giving way to a new phenomenon which undoubtedly is the group of countries covered by the term “emerging markets”. Of particular importance is the BRICS group – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - which establishment is inextricably connected with the crisis. BRICS group, being initially only a catchy slogan, on the wave of the crisis trundling by world markets turned into a global economic entity, which is a real competitor for the crisis-stricken European Union. It is therefore necessary for the EU to create a strategy to maintain and develop relationship with the BRICS. The group, however, is internally too diverse to develop a universal strategy that ﬁts each of the ﬁve countries. The starting point consequently is the relationship that the EU has established with each of the BRICS countries individually over the years, and the purpose of this article is to present and analyze them. The author draws attention to the inconsistency of the group and indicates the conﬂicts of interest among the member states. Thought-provoking is the fact that the BRICS as the whole is able to coordinate its foreign policy and bring it to a shared viewpoint. As a result, the EU has started to reﬂ ect on managing relations with the BRICS as one unit. However, the EU vision has not been formally implemented and is not binding.
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