PL EN


2013 | 34 | 320-338
Article title

The Importance of the Operation of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Poland in the Context of the Economic Market Turbulence

Content
Title variants
PL
Znaczenie działalności małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw w Polsce w kontekście turbulencji rynkowych w gospodarce
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
There is no doubt in Poland, the activity of small and medium-sized enterprises play a key unprecedented and significant role in economic development. These companies are of fundamental importance not only for the sustainable functioning of the economy, but also allows you to take advantage of the effects of rapid development of future generations. Author of the study by testing advocates, among others, that more than 1.6 million SME operators in Poland, the dominant force of the Polish economy and the source of growth, innovation, employment and social inclusion. Small and medium-sized enterprises are characterized by flexibility and ease of adaptation to market conditions and to respond to market needs. Still the number of newly established enterpris-es in Poland is very high compared to that on the deaths of firms, as evidenced by the high-potential entrepreneurship Poles. According to data from the Central Statistical Office indicate that companies currently operating in Poland is a place of work for more than six and a half million people. This means that as many as 7 out of 10 workers are employees of the sector of small and medium-sized enterprises. The level of entrepreneurship Poland does not stand out from the rest of Europe. In terms of the number of active enterprises occupy sixth place in the European Union.
PL
Nie ulega wątpliwości, że w Polsce aktywność małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw odgrywa zasadniczą i znaczącą rolę w rozwoju gospodarczym. Wspomniane przedsiębiorstwa mają fundamentalne znaczenie nie tylko dla zrównoważonego funkcjonowania całej gospodarki, lecz pozwalają również na czerpanie korzyści z efektów dynamicznego rozwoju przez przyszłe pokolenia. Autor opracowania w wyniku przeprowadzenia badań postuluje m.in., że ponad 1,6 mln podmiotów sektora MSP w Polsce, to dominująca siła polskiej gospodarki oraz źródło wzrostu, innowacji, zatrudnienia i integracji społecznej. Małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa cechują się elastycznością i łatwością dostosowania do sytuacji rynkowej oraz reagowania na potrzeby rynku. Liczba nowo powstałych przedsiębiorstw w Polsce jest wciąż bardzo duża w porównaniu do liczby zlikwidowanych podmiotów, co świadczy choćby o wysokim potencjale przedsiębiorczości Polaków. Według danych z GUS wynika, że firmy działające obecnie w Polsce są miejscem pracy dla ponad 6,5 mln osób. Oznacza to, że aż 7 na 10 pracujących to osoby zatrudnione w sektorze małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw. Pod względem poziomu przedsiębiorczości Polska nie odstaje od reszty Europy. Pod względem liczby aktywnych przedsiębiorstw zajmuje ona szóste miejsce w Unii Europejskiej.
Year
Issue
34
Pages
320-338
Physical description
Contributors
  • Instytut Socjologii Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
References
  • Adamek J., 2002, The features small and medium-sized enterprises and the potential risk of loan, finance, banking and insurance to the challenges of the present T. II – con-ference of Economics in Katowice.
  • Antkiewicz S., 2002, Shares and bonds in corporate finance, Library Manager and Banker, Warsaw.
  • Balcerowicz E., 2002, Micro-enterprises. The economic situation, financing, owners, CASE, Warsaw. Bednarski L., 1999, Financial analysis of the company, PWE, Warsaw.
  • Bednarz J., Gostomski E., 2006, Financing business, Publisher University of Gdansk. Cenenga P., 2002, The credit Company. Individually negotiated terms, „Profit – Finance for Business”, in December 2002.
  • Czarnecki J., 2007, Factoring as a means of financing SMEs, PWN, Warsaw.
  • Dębski D., 2004, Economics and business organization, WSiP, Warsaw.
  • Dominiak P., 2005, The small and medium-sized businesses in the modern economy, Scientific Publishing house PWN, Warsaw.
  • Dudek M., 2006, The small and medium enterprises in the European Union, University of Zielona Góra, Mebnedżera School in Legnica, Green Mountain / Legnica.
  • Geller M., 2007, The importance of knowledge in creating a competitive advantage for small and medium-sized enterprises, development opportunities Polish SME sector in the single European market, J. Otto, A. Maciaszczyk (ed.), Volume I, Technical University of Lodz. Górka K., 1997, Ways to support small and medium-sized enterprises. Innovation and support for small and medium-sized enterprises provided their further development, Publishing house AE, Poznań.
  • Ickiewicz J., 2004, Acquisition cost and capital structure in enterprises, Publisher School of Economics, Warsaw.
  • Janiuk I., 2004, Strategic adaptation of Polish small and medium-sized enterprises to European competition, Publisher of Difin, Warsaw.
  • Jankiewicz S., 2004, To support the development of small and medium-sized enterprises as a priority of economic policy, Publisher University of Economics, Poznań.
  • Jędrzejewska K., 2002, What is the definition of the law, „Rzeczpospolita” – Good Company, October 31. Kamba-Kibatshi M., 2013, The reform of the public sector in the context of Polish inte-gration with the euro area in the global economic crisis, Difin, Warsaw.
  • Kolarska-Bobińska L., 2003, The conditions for development of SMEs in Poland, “Eco-nomics and Organization of Enterprises” No. 11.
  • Kiziukiewicz T., Sawicki K., 2010, Anti-crisis measures of the SME sector, studies and works KZiF, scientific issue No. 99.
  • Kubiak J., 2005, The hierarchy of sources of short-term financing of the company, Pub-lisher University of Economics in Poznań, Poznań.
  • Laksis V., 2003, The competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises [lecture] Orechwa-Maliszewska E., Kopczuk A., The financial aspects of small and medium-sized enterprises, WSFiZ in Bialystok, Bialystok.
  • Łapiński J., and others, 2004, Efficiency and competitiveness of the Polish sector of small and medium-sized enterprises, financial science to the contemporary problems of the Polish economy, Volume II, Finance companies, edited Z. Dresler, AE Cracow.
  • Łuczka T., 2001, Small and medium enterprises to new religions [ed.] by Skawińska E., The competitiveness of businesses in the integration process of globalization, Pub-lisher University of Technology, Poznań.
  • Małysa-Kaleta A., 2000, The small and medium-sized enterprises at the beginning of European integration, „Marketing and Market”.
  • Mikołajczyk B., 1998, Institutions supporting the development of small and medium-sized businesses, Publisher University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk Odorzyńska E., 2000, The category of small and medium-sized enterprises in Europe, “Economics and Organization of Enterprises” No. 3.
  • Orłowska J., 2003, The conditions for development of SMEs in Poland, “Economics and Organization of Enterprises” No. 11.
  • Orechwa-Maliszewska E., Kopczuk A., 2007, The experiences of Mexican small and medium-sized enterprises, “Economics and Organization of Enterprises” No. 4.
  • Ostaszewski J., 2003, The financial management of the joint-stock company, Difin, War-saw.
  • Pierścionek Z., 2007, The importance of knowledge in creating a competitive advantage for small and medium-sized enterprises, development opportunities Polish SME sector in the single European market, J. Otto, A. Maciaszczyk (ed.), Volume I, Tech-nical University of Lodz.
  • Piasecki B., 2008, Economics and small business management, PWN, Warsaw.
  • Poznańska K., Schulte-Zurhausen M.M., 1994, The criteria for classification of small and medium-sized enterprises, „Przegląd Organizacji” 1994, No. 2.
  • Prus J., 2004, The functioning of small and medium-sized enterprises [lecture] Spat, finance small and medium-sized enterprises, PWE, Warsaw.
  • Rakowski J., 2002, The development of small and medium-sized firms in Poland, “Eco-nomics and Organization of Enterprise” No. 2.
  • Rogut A., 2008, The potential of Polish SMEs to absorb the benefits of integration, Pub-lisher Universitety of Lodz, Lodz.
  • Alińska A., Grzywacz J., Latoszek E., Proczek M., Zawiśliński I., 2008, The financing SMEs in Poland from EU funds as a factor affecting the competitiveness of enter-prises, SGH, Warsaw.
  • Safin K., 2008, The management of small and medium-sized enterprise, Publisher Uni-versity of Economics. O. Lange in Wroclaw, Wroclaw.
  • Skowronek-Mielczarek A., 2003, The small and medium-sized enterprises. Sources of funding, C. H. Beck Warszawa.
  • Słoński T., 2004, The financing of current operations [lecture] W. Pluta, Finance small and medium-sized enterprises, PWE, Warsaw.
  • Stawicka M., 2008, The determinants of the international competitiveness of Polish enterprises after the accession to the European Union [lecture] Nowakowski M.N., Monopoly, School of Economics, Warsaw.
  • Strużycki M., 2003, The small and medium-sized enterprises in the regional economy, Economic instruments to support economic recovery in Poland, KZiF School of Economics, Warsaw.
  • Tokarski M., 2005, Factoring in small and medium-sized enterprises in Poland, Publish-ing Economics Cracow.
  • Wach K., 2004, The new criteria for the classification of small and medium-sized enter-prises in EU legislation, “Economics and Organization of Enterprise”.
  • Wiśniewski J.W., 2003, An econometric model of a small company, Gravis, Torun.
  • Wyżnikiewicz B., and others., 2007, The experiences of Mexican small and medium-sized enterprises, “Economics and Organization of Enterprises” No. 4.
  • Zawadzki M., 1999, The analysis of sources of financing and cost capital, „Working Papers” in 1999.
  • Legislative acts: The Act of 8 January 1993 on income tax on goods and services and excise duty. The Act of 29 September 1994 on accounting, Coll. Laws, No. 121, item. 591, art. 50. The Act of 13 July 1990 on the privatization of state enterprises, Coll. Laws of 1990, No. 51, poz. 298. Decree No. 66 of the President of the CSO 10.XI.1990 on establishing uniform rules for the collection of statistical data on non-agricultural activities and related regulatory reporting. The Act of 19 November 1999. – Law on Economic Activity, Journal. U. No. 101, item. 1178, art. 54–55.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-72367b76-1312-4eef-b9ce-42ad6684b80e
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.