One of directions of reformation of physics education in higher educational establishments is strengthening of its methodological orientation. The level of formation of students’ knowledge in physics is determined by mastering of fundamental physical concepts (for example, symmetry), laws, theories and principles. Actual question at the modern stage of development of physics education is the theory of symmetry, based on fundamental co-operations. The concept of symmetry that is fixed in basis of modern physical theories is analyzed in the article and examined. It is stressed that the theory of large association, based on principles of symmetry, is in the stage of development. The role of principles of invariance in physics is not yet out investigated, and we are distant from the universal natural law. Symmetry finds out connection of physical laws, simplifies understanding of difficult processes that flow in micro world and are examined in physics. The different types of dynamic symmetries are exposed in the article, such, as a gauge invariance, symmetry of identical particles, mirror and unitary symmetry, and also displace attention on a concept oddities of elementary particles, on that principle of isotopic is widespread. As a result of the conducted research it is established that expedience of submission of maintenance of educational material from physics is based on fundamental concepts, one of which is symmetry which is examined in many sections of physics. The idea of symmetry in a course of the study of physics needs to take into account didactics requirements, and also it is necessary for clarification and generalization of physical concepts, conformities to law. Accordingly an acquaintance and study of this concept by students will be instrumental in forming of modern scientific thought, and also will provide systematization of knowledge from the general course of physics in the university and forming of scientific world view, for providing of inter-subject connections. The prospects of subsequent searches in the direction of research consist in the detailed analysis of concept of symmetry in the process of study of general course of physics by students in higher educational establishments and development of method of studies of physics with the use of this concept.