ТЕРРИТОРИАЛЬНОЕ РАСПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЙ СФЕРЫ ИНФОРMАЦИОННО-КОMMУНИKАЦИОННЫX ТЕXНОЛОГИЙ В ЛАТВИИ
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THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF ENTERPRISES OF SECTOR OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN LATVIA
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This paper contains the consideration of the spatial distribution of ICT sector enterprises in Latvia in the context of the concept of regional economic development. It is noted that the integration of Latvia into the European political, social and economic environment is uneven - there are no significant problems in the political and social integration, but in the field of economy certain contradictions exist. Most important of them are connected with the uneven regional economic development ñ differences between the economic performance of regions are growing but not decreasing. The paper deals with the processes of economic globalization and economic localization. A typical process of economic globalization is a process of the economic performance of European regions leveling, which happens due to the transparency of European state borders for the main production factors - capital, labor, natural resources, goods and services. A typical process of economic localization is the process of innovative business regional localization, which is caused by a number of significant differences between non-innovative and innovative businesses. Among those differences there are the need for closer cooperation between public, academic and business organizations, the higher the need for highly qualified personnel, the specific features in innovative business financing. ICT sector enterprises in Latvia are largely innovative enterprises, and in accordance with the theory the effect of regional localization should be observed for them. We investigate the quantitative distribution of the enterprises of the Latvian ICT sector by regions, as well as the contribution of ICT sector to the regional economy in the form of tax payments. The source of data on the territorial distribution is the open part of the company Lursoft database. The article confirms the existence of pronounced regional localization of ICT sector enterprises in Latvia. Out of the total 311.34 million taxes paid by ICT sector enterprises, 282.14 million, or 90.62%, are paid in Riga. The effect of localization increases with the size of the enterprise that is the tendency to localize for large enterprises is expressed more noticeable than for a small business. If the share of enterprises with tax payments less than 2,500 euros per year is 68.86% in Riga, the share of enterprise with tax payments more than one million euros in Riga increases to 92%. The results can be used for the strategy of regional economic development creation.
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