Czy dzieci rodzą się dobre, czy stają się dobre?
Are children born good or do they become good?
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The paper discusses human morality in the light of research on cognitive intuition and strategic dishonesty. The paradigm of cognitive science provides an explanation of moral intuitions and moral reasoning in terms of the processing of physical information. Intuitions are generated by the state of mind called “flow”, and reasoning by the state of mind called “hypothesis”. Flow is unconscious and consists in selecting from the abundance of information collected by the senses. Hypothesis is conscious and contains very little, very valuable, information selected previously by the unconscious brain. The sequence of first intuitions and then reasoning works at all ages (what is undeveloped at the beginning is reasoning, not intuitions), showing that babies possess intuitive knowledge of what is good. They don’t have to construct moral reasons – as Lawrence Kohlberg assumed – to understand the realm of values. At the same time moral intuition stays in conflict with egoistic motives, which explains why people are born merely relatively good.
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