Training of preschool and early school age children rhythm sense by Botmer gymnastics means
The article presents the content and characteristics of physical exercises that promote the development of rhythm of preschoolers and children of early school age. There was solved an anthroposophic approach to the question we had researched. An attempt was made to adapt exercises of Botmer gymnastics towards Ukrainian folk traditions. There was denoted the methodological advice for improving a child's sense of rhythm in the process of physical education: to pay attention to changing from tension to relaxation of muscles, to enhance mental processes of children in the early stages of improvement, to focus on simple exercises and so on. There was determined that proposed exercises can be adapted and used in work with children, who have special needs. Research methods: theoretical analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization and systematization of scientific literature; study and generalization of pedagogical experience were used to solve the problem. An active introduction of innovative technologies is used in modern conditions of the development of education. In this context, gymnastics as a system of specially selected exercises has got some powerful possibilities to solve the problems, which improve the general state of the health. An innovative method of the health gymnastics is aimed at the development of close connection of the child’s motor skills with the natural rhythms of the universe and the achievement of harmony between the personality and the environment. The process of education reforming promotes the implementation of alternative approaches to organization of health caring rhythm at human life. Botmer gymnastics is a type of movement that uses the power of space. The person, who is engaged in it, is learning to expand his physical, mental and spiritual boundaries, receiving gradual experience of movement in space and the ability to explore space consciously. Botmer exercises allow us to find equilibrium, which promotes to balance business and personal life in general, solves the problem of the physical and aesthetic education of the individual according to the age peculiarities of development. The problems of ethnic and national traditions consideration in the use of Botmer gymnastics at work with children of preschool and early school age require further research.
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