PL EN


1979 | 1 | 35-42
Article title

Spalony kościół drewniany na Woli Justowskiej w Krakowie : problemy konserwatorskie

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
WOODEN CHURCH BURNT AT WOLA JUSTOWSKA, KRAKÓW CONSERVATION PROBLEMS
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
On the night from the 13th to 14th of July 1978 a wooden church that was a well-known and sacredly cherished monument burnt down at Wola Justowska in Kraków. Merely small fragments of it were salvaged from the fire. The loss is painful as it affects the monument o f high aesthetic and historical value. The church, situated in the foregrounds of Kraków, the first-class recreation site, was the central element of a small complex of regional wooden architecture that functioned as an ethnographic park as well as an element of the extensive spatial structure o f landscape-cum-culture. Upon a joint initiative of conservation authorities and the community the church was transferred in 1948—1949 from the village o f Komorowice. It was also an active parish place of worship. The architecture o f this 16th-century building, and especially the architecture o f the tower added before 1644 and travested in a gothic style was genuine and picturesque. A great signifance of the building in the light of various aspects brings to the fore a question of its rebuilding in the previous from. There are many reasons that speak against a transfer o f some other monument and against giving up the structure the shape of which has so strongly blended with the surrounding area. There exist real possibilities o f reconstructing the building : some o f its parts have survived and besides, we still have a detailed measuring and iconographie documentation. However, a question must be asked to what extent this initiative resembles conservation works in the light o f the theory and practice. In the strict sense o f the word conservation is admittedly an activity concerning the existing substance, but as it is well-known, conservation operations o f today, and especially those involving elements of great complexes (including also the earlier mentioned spatial structure o f landscape-cum-culture) are not only limited to the former matter itself but they also include other operations performed by means o f conservation methods that lead to accomplishing targets set by this discipline. In this particular instance we are concerned with the material existence of a specific work o f art, the value o f which is instilled in something more than in a merely wearable, by its very nature, building substance. The reconstruction o f a destroyed architectural monument has a sense only if there exist relics and information making it possible to reconstruct it faithfully, and the reasons for this action are not based on emotion only but also on premises assessed on the basis of scientific and social criterions.
Keywords
Year
Issue
1
Pages
35-42
Physical description
Dates
published
1979
Contributors
  • mgr, PP Pracownie Konserwacji Zabytków Oddział w Krakowie
References
  • „Echo Krakowa” , nr 158 z 15/16.VII 1978 r.
  • R. B r y k o w s k i , Problem ochrony przeciwpożarowej drewnianych zabytkow sakralnych, „Ochrona Zabytkow”, nr 4, 1976. Por. także: S. P ą g o w s k i , Pożary kościołow i kaplic, Łodź 1974.
  • Katalog zabytkow sztuki w Polsce, t. I, Wojewodztwo krakowskie, z. 3, Powiat brzeski, opr. J. Dutkiewicz, Warszawa 1953, s. 12—13.
  • H. P., Prace konserwatorskie. Woj. krakowskie, ,,Ochrona Zabytkow”, nr 3—4, 1951, s. 203—204; F. K o p k o w i c z , Ciesielstwo polskie, Warszawa 1958, s. 369—370. Niemal jednocześnie przeniesiono kościoł z Zakrzowa na Harendę pod Zakopanem.
  • Katalog kościołow i duchowieństwa archidiecezji krakowskiej, Krakow 1958, s. 58.
  • J. Ł e p k o w s k i , Przegląd zabytkow przeszłości z okolic Krakowa, Krakow 1863, s. 96.
  • J. S t r z y g o w s k i , Die Holzkirchen in der Umgebung von Bielitz-Biala, Posen 1927, s. 12—15.
  • Katalog zabytkow sztuki w Polsce, 1 .1. Wojewodztwo krakowskie, z. 1. Powiat bialski, opr. J. Szabłowski, Warszawa 1951, s. 17.
  • K. E s t r e i c h e r , Przeniesienie zabytku budownictwa drewnianego z Komorowie, „Ochrona Zabytkow” , nr 1, 1952 s. 42—54,
  • M. K o r n e c k i , Uwagi do systematyki gotyckich kościołow drewnianych w Małopolsce, „Teka Komisji Urbanistyki i Architektury”, IV, 1970; T e n ż e , Małopolskie kościoły drewniane w XVI i XVII wieku, „Teka Komisji Urbanistyki i Architektury” , X, 1976, XI, 1977. W obu pracach cytowana najnowsza literatura przedmiotu.
  • M. K o r n e c k i , Małopolskie kościoły drewniane doby baroku. XVIII wiek, cz. I. „Teka Komisji Urbanistyki i Architektury” , XII, 1978.
  • M. K o r n e c k i , Uwagi do systematyki. , . ;R. B r y k o w ski , Drewniana architektura kościelna w Małopolsce w X V wieku, w druku.
  • T. C h r z a n o w s k i , Rekonstrukcja — odtwarzanie — makieta, „Teka Komisji Urbanistyki i Architektury” , XI, 1977; streszczenie: „Biuletyn Historii Sztuki” , XXXIX, nr 2,1977.
  • J. F r y c z , Rekonstrukcja zabytkow architektury, je j sens i granice, [w:] Dzieło sztuki i zabytek, Materiały z XXV Sesji Stowarzyszenia Historykow Sztuki, „Biblioteka Muzealnictwa i Ochrony Zabytkow” , seria B, t. XLIII, Warszawa 1976, s. 94—103.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-73cf1c62-bcf2-4cac-aa75-823434063d04
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