Czytelnicy Marksa, czyli powrót do teorii tradycyjnej: św. Jürgen
The Readers of Marx, or Return to the Traditional Theory: Saint Jürgen
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The paper concerns a (narrow, but significant) problem of changes in critical theory paradigm. The main question of this paper is whether we are still able to speak/think about critical theory, especially in case of contemporary authors – like Jürgen Habermas, who is often considered as a legal successor of the Frankfurt School. In the first part, the author shows some connections between Marx’s thought and critical theory. In the second part, the author discusses a specific way of misreading Marx’s works, mainly in The Theory of Communicative Action. The third part of the paper is dedicated to a problem of differences between the “old” critical theory and the new one, represented by Habermas. The author claims that rejection of historiosophy and Habermas’s critique of the term ‘teleology’ both are making theory more positive than critical. Another important difference is the relation theory – praxis, which becomes similar to the traditional theory. Finally, the author points that it is very difficult to speak about Saint Jürgen as a rightful continuator of critical theory.
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