2017 | 6 | 1 | 5-13
Article title

Introduction: Citizenship in Post-Communist Eastern Europe

Title variants
Languages of publication
Citizenship has been rediscovered in Eastern Europe after the collapse of the communist regimes and the breakdown of multi-national states. This rediscovery revealed not only great opportunities with regard to democratic inclusion, national redefinition and the remedying of past wrongs but also important risks, such as legal and political exclusion, ethnic engineering and discrimination. The broader revival of citizenship in recent decades has triggered a renewed academic interest in issues of citizenship, albeit this research had remained biased towards Western experiences, such as long-term immigration and social integration. Although it would be ill-advised to talk of Eastern European models of citizenship, the region does present a number of empirical and theoretical puzzles that can enrich the existing literature by challenging conventional approaches and stimulating more-balanced and contextual theoretical perspectives.
  • Bálint S. (2014). Ma is jönnek a hamisított magyarok., 17 September 2014.
  • Bauböck R. (2007). The Trade-Off Between Transnational Citizenship and Political Autonomy, in: T. Faist, P. Kivisto (eds), Dual Citizenship in Global Perspective, pp. 69–91. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Bauböck R. (2010). Dual Citizenship for Transborder Minorities? How to Respond to the Hungarian–Slovak Tit-For-Tat. EUDO Citizenship Working Paper RSCAS 2010/75. San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute.
  • Bertossi C., Duyvendak J. W. (2012). National Models of Immigrant Integration: The Costs for Comparative Research. Comparative European Politics 10(3): 237–247.
  • Brubaker W. R. (1992). Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Brubaker W. R. (1996). Nationalizing States in the Old ‘New Europe’ – and the New. Ethnic and Racial Studies 19(2): 411–437.
  • Dumbrava C. (2014). Nationality, Citizenship and Ethno-Cultural Belonging: Preferential Membership Policies in Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Dumbrava C. (2017). Citizenship in Central and Eastern Europe. Comparative Report 2017/02. EUDO Global Citizenship Observatory. San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute.
  • EUDO Citizenship (2017). Database Modes of Acquisition of Citizenship. San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute. Online: (accessed: 28 June 2017).
  • Eurostat (2016). Acquisition of Citizenship Statistics. Brussels: European Commission. Online: (accessed: 28 June 2017).
  • Gelazis N. M. (2000). The Effects of EU Conditionality on Citizenship Policies and Protection of National Minorities in the Baltic States. San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute.
  • Harpaz Y. (2015). Ancestry Into Opportunity: How Global Inequality Drives Demand for Long-Distance European Union Citizenship. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 41(13): 2081–2104.
  • Howard M. M. (2006). Comparative Citizenship: An Agenda for Cross-National Research. Perspectives on Politics 4(3): 443–455.
  • Iordachi C. (2012). Reacquiring the Romanian Citizenship in Historical Perspective: From the Restitution of State Citizenship to the Primacy of the Citizenship Status Acquired at Birth, in: I. Iordachi (ed.), Reacquiring the Romanian Citizenship Historical, Comparative and Applied Perspectives, pp. 310–395. Bucharest: Curtea Veche.
  • Joppke C. (2008). Comparative Citizenship: A Restrictive Turn in Europe? Law and Ethics of Human Rights 2(1): 1–41.
  • Kohn H. (1944). The Idea of Nationalism: A Study in Its Origins and Background. New York: Macmillan.
  • Liebich A. (2010). Is There (Still) an East–West Divide in the Conception of Citizenship in Europe?, in: R. Bauböck, A. Liebich (eds), Is There (Still) an East–West Divide in the Conception of Citizenship in Europe? EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2010/19. San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute.
  • Mateos P. (2013). External and Multiple Citizenship in the European Union. Are ‘Extrazenship’ Practices Challenging Migrant Integration Policies?, paper presented at the Population Association of America Annual Meeting, New Orleans, 11–13 April.
  • Pogonyi S., Kovács M. M., Körtvélyesi Z. (2010). The Politics of External Kin-State Citizenship in East Central Europe. San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute.
  • Pop-stat (2017). Population statistics of Eastern Europe. Online: (accessed: 29 June 2017).
  • Shevel O. (2009). The Politics of Citizenship Policy in New States. Comparative Politics 41(3): 273–291.
  • Štiks I. (2012). A Laboratory of Citizenship: Shifting Conceptions of Citizenship in Yugoslavia and Post-Yugoslav States, in: J. Shaw, I. Štiks (eds), Citizenship After Yugoslavia, pp. 15–37. London, New York: Routledge.
  • Vink M. P., de Groot G.-R., Luk C. (2016). MACIMIDE Global Dual Citizenship Database. Online: (accessed: 16 February 2017).
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.